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Science Monitor: 20 June 2020

Science Monitor: 20 June 2020

Topics Covered: -20 June 2020

  1. Launch of Track -1 of STIP-2020
  2. Clinical trials of Natural Anti-cancer compound gets approval
  3. Nature Index 2020 places 3 Dept. of Science & Technology, GOI Institutes in Top 30 Institutions in the country (India’s rank-12th)
  4. IIT’s Delhi focus on self-reliant India

1. Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP)-2020:

  • The office of principal scientific advisor and The Department of Science & Technology, GOI, has initiated a consultation process to formulate aMedia Tweets by Science Policy Forum (@spf_in) | Twitter new National Science Technology and Innovation policy.
  • The purpose of STIP 2020 Track-I is to involve an extensive Public and Expert consultation through the Science policy forum to make the formulation of STIP-2020 decentralized and Bottom-up and inclusive.
  • The comprehensive consultation will help in sustainability and environment biodiversity and information technology-related missions.
  • Around 15000 stakeholders are being added in this process, which is organized into 4 highly interlinked tracks.
  • All the Tracks will run simultaneously to reach out to around 15000 stakeholders for a consultation and policy formulation.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF STIP-2020

  • Evidence-Driven approach rather than wisdom-based statements.
  • Thematic instead of Broad-based formulation.
  • More inclusive and Bottom-up.

Science policy forum:

It is a dedicated platform for:

  • Public dialogue series with thought leaders and policy scholars.
  • Targeted survey instruments.
  • Print media articles and channels for written inputs.
  • Community podcasts for last-mile connectivity.

2. Clinical trials of Natural Anti-cancer compound (IIIM -290):

  • Recently, researchers from the CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR-IIIM), Jammu have succeeded in developing anti-cancer drugIIIM-290.
  • The researchers have identified a new chemical compound, which has shown cancer Inhibiting properties during the primary studies on Pancreatic cancer (Pancreatic cancer is the 4th leading cause of cancer deaths in the world as it is usually diagnosed at a very late stage).
  • After completing all the necessary procedures, the researchers have also got approval for its clinical trials. The approval was given by the New Drugs Division of Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation.
  • The dug is isolated from the leaves of a tree from the Western Ghats Dysoxylumbinectariferum, commonly known as Indian white cedar.
  • This compound was identified and developed under the Institute’s Natural product-driven drug discovery programme.

3. Nature Index 2020:

  • In the recently released Nature Index 2020 ratings three autonomous Institutes of the Dept. of Science & Technology, GOI has been ranked among the Top 30 Indian Institutions.
  • The country or institution is ranked based on its share of articles published in the 82 scientific journals selected by an independent panel of experts and tracked by the Nature Index database.
  • The Index is prepared annually in which global, regional and country ranking of various Institutionsreleased.
  • This year India has ranked 12 globally in Science research output and most of its research output was meet for the subject of Chemistry.
  • The three institutions that are placed among the top 30 ranks in the list are:

1. IACS (Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science), Kolkata - 7th position.

2. JNCASR (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research), Bangalore - 14th position.

3. Kolkata's S.N.Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences - 30th position.

  • Other Indian institutions that are on the list are:

 4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) at 160th position.

 5. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore at 184th position.

4. IIT’s Delhi focus on self-reliant India:

  • IIT Delhi will shift its focus towards building self-reliant India in accordance with the “AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan” of the Government of India.
  • The Institute has developed a variety of indigenous solutions for the current pandemic.
  • The researchers and startups at IIT Delhi have responded promptly to the Covid-19 crisis by developing and deploying PPE kits, diagnostic kits, reusable face masks and etc. and have played a successive role in the campaign such as Unnat Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It has invested over Rs 350 crore in the last few years to solve grand challenges by leveraging high tech research facilities in an effort to produce more job providers than job seekers.
  • The proposed research and innovation park on the campus in which around 100 startups can work at a time is also an effort in the same direction as it will promote research translation and joint research with Industries.

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