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Ram Temple: History and Significance (5 August 2020)

Ram Temple: History and Significance (5 August 2020)

Why in News:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the first brick of the grand Ram Temple in Ayodhya at 12:44 pm, as per the 'muhurat' for 'Bhoomi Pujan'.

Context:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi was seen performing the 'pooja' at 'Shree Ram Janmabhoomi' along with UP Governor Anandiben Patel and RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat. After the ceremony, PM Modi in his address said, "Like August 15, today's day holds a similar significance for crores of people who devoted their lives for the cause of the Ram temple. The 'mandir' will mark a decisive change in the economy of Ayodhya." He termed August 5 a 'golden day' and added that Ram Janmabhoomi stands 'liberated' today. CM Yogi Adityanath said that the temple construction is a moment to "showcase new India to the world, which does not discriminate on the basis of caste and creed".

Background:

On November 9, 2019, a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court ordered the disputed land (2.77 acres) to be handed over to to a trust (to be created by the Government of India) to build the Ram Janmabhoomi temple. The court also ordered the government to give an alternate five acres of land in another place to the Sunni Waqf Board for the purpose of building a mosque.

Summary of the Debate

Political aspects:

  • The involvement of state functionaries in the work of construction of a temple for the majority community may question the application of secularism in the Indian context.
  • The Congress has complained that its leaders were not invited by the Ram Mandir Trust for the temple’s Bhoomi Pujan Programme.
  • The association of parties or its leaders with the functions closely associated with one or the other religion is problematic, when the political parties are entitled to take their own stand in a democracy.