J and K: One Year Since Revocation of Special Status (4 August 2020)
J&K: One Year Since Revocation of Special Status (4 August 2020)
Why in News:
Curfew was imposed across the valley on Tuesday as authorities apprehended violent protests in view of plans by separatists and Pakistan-sponsored groups to observe August 5, the first anniversary of revocation of Jammu and Kashmir's special status, as black day.
Police and CRPF personnel were deployed in strength across the valley to ensure that the plans of the separatists to disturb peace did not succeed. Police vehicles, fitted with public address systems, went around localities announcing imposition of strict curfew for two days.
On 5 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status, or limited autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir.
The President of India issued an order under the power of Article 370, overriding the prevailing 1954 Presidential Order and nullifying all the provisions of autonomy granted to the state. The Home Minister introduced a Reorganisation Bill in the Indian Parliament, seeking to divide the state into two union territories to be governed by a lieutenant governor and a unicameral legislature.
The resolution seeking the revocation of the special status under Article 370 and the bill for the state's reorganisation was debated and passed by the Rajya Sabha – India's upper house of parliament – on 5 August 2019.On 6 August, the Lok Sabha – India's lower house of parliament – debated and passed the reorganisation bill along with the resolution recommending the revocation.
Summary of the Debate
Changes in J & k after the revocation of special status:
- The number of terrorist incidents has come down around 30 to 40 percent.
- The local recruitment has come down.
- The infiltration level has come down because vigil on the border by army and the BSF is strict and very well coordinated.
- Stone pelting incidents have come done drastically.
- No major law and order situation happened in last one year.
- The hawala money which was coming through the hurriyat which was distributed to the stone pelters and also for other notorious activities, the NIA (National Investigation Agency) has managed to choke it.
- Forces like Hurriyat has become irrelevant.
Challenges faced in last one year:
- A permanent internet facility cannot be denied to a huge population which is very essential in today’s life.
- Because of the cutting of internet and mobile telephone system, there was slump during this period because no information was coming.
- Pakistan will keep on trying to spread propaganda and information war in the valley and once the government opens up the communication from 2G to 4G, the challenge will increase further.
- The major reason of youth of the region joining militancy is they are not getting employment opportunities.
- There are no major industries in Kashmir.
The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 (November 2, 2019):
- Pressure on the Hurriyat by the NIA and other central agencies should continue, because they are the people who actually create the problem in the youth. So, they need to continue to be choked handled both legally and other terms also.
- Before central laws there were some limitations on the local police to act, but after the abrogation of Article 370 that has gone. So, we need to work out a mechanism that when the political system comes how we can ensure the fair working of police so that they are not unduly interfered.
- There are 168 MoUs which has been signed with the global players and almost 600 crore rupees of investment will come in.
- 85000 employment vacancies are lying in Kashmir out of them 800 are of gazetted officer and the rest of them are non-gazetted. So, the youth who are not getting enough opportunities must be employed.
- In the new situation the structure of governance even the local bodies need to be made vibrant now because terror has been created even among the minds of Sarpanch.
- To ensure fruits of development reach the people and they should feel the difference.
- Delinking not just the psychological, the information, the radicalization but even the financial and other kind of material that is being created and internationally propagated, because in Kashmir there are not just vested interest within the valley but there are vested interests all over the world who have been surviving on the Kashmir discourse for decades together and they have sold Kashmir issue to the world to collect money. So we have to deal with them as well.
- The disillusioned youth will always be exploited by Pakistan, so the government must work on a multi-pronged strategy to stop this.
- Need to stop weapons supply from Pakistan across the border.
- Pressure and International isolation on Pakistan should continue.
- Factories must come up and employment schemes should be generated.
- Historic culture of Kashmir needs to be restored and retold to the next generation of J & K.
Important points made by the Guests
S. P. Vaid, Former Director General of Police, Jammu & Kashmir
Prafulla Ketkar, Editor, Organiser
Maj. Gen. Ashwani Siwach (Retd.), Strategic Affairs Expert