For registration call @ 9958826967

New Era For India-US Ties (10 November 2020)

New Era For India-US Ties (10 November 2020)

Why in News:

President Kovind, PM Modi congratulate Biden, Harris on US election win.

Context:

Getting ready to work with a new Democrat-led Administration in Washington DC that will assume office in January next year, India on Sunday congratulated victorious Democrat presidential candidate Joe Biden who will be the next President of the United States. Both Prime Minister Narendra Modi President Ram Nath Kovind tweeted congratulatory messages for the successful duo of Biden and Kamala Harris on Sunday shortly after midnight. India had on Friday said the Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership between both nations has “very strong bi-partisan support” in the US, thereby hinting that bilateral ties would continue to grow stronger.

Background:

Biden as Vice President in the Barack Obama administration had visited India in July 2013 and during that trip set an ambitious target of $500 billion for bilateral trade.

Biden had also met Modi during the latter’s visit to the US in 2014.

Summary of the Debate

Key focus area as far as the President elect is concerned:

  • There is going to be continuity from what the trump administration is doing on foreign policy but there might be changes on other issues such as immigration where President elect Biden had earlier indicated.
  • He already talked about revoking Trump’s travel ban on people from certain Muslim majority countries, then restoring protection for undocumented immigrants brought as children which is Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).
  • As far as policy changes and as far as India is concerned, first many months of Biden administration will be sort of preoccupied, dealing with a whole range of very important internal issues.
  • The covid crisis which is in a sense accelerating or increasing in its intensity, the economic implications of this that the administration will have to consider carefully.
  • India-US relations are very significant but may not be at the very top of the priority list in terms of what the incoming administration has to deal with and they may well choose to maintain some degree of stability for a while.
  • One of the things that the Biden administration accomplishes is to work again with the multilateral Institutions.
  • Restoring the position of the WTO, continuing to engage India through WTO, for India to engage with the rest of the world and the USA through the WTO would be a great thing.

Challenges:

  • Tightening of visa rules for the applicants of the H-1B visa.
  • India’s defence ties with USA. If India distances itself from Russia, it may lead to closer ties between Pakistan and Russia.
  • In June 2019, the Trump administration decided to terminate India’s benefits under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme.
  • US sanctions on Iran putting India’s energy security at stake.
  • India may not get the strong backing it did from the Trump administration on the Ladakh standoff against China.