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Science Monitor: 14 November, 2020

Science Monitor: 14 November, 2020

           

1. State-of-the-Art Dome theatre at Gandhi Darshan

Context:

A dome theatre was inaugurated at Rajghat's Gandhi Darshan to give the visitors a 360-degree video immersive experience about the life of Mahatma Gandhi. Powered by AR and VR technology, this theatre will bring the younger generation closer to the Father of the Nation.

About the theatre:Four-day long Chhath Puja begins across the country with traditional  fervor- Fast Mail News

  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST), GoI is pursuing various projects to preserve and promote Indian heritage using new age technology and promoting Ghandiji’s life and teaching is also one among them. To commemorate the 150th anniversary celebration of Mahatma, various program was started by DST using new age technology which aimed to acquaint the younger generation with the life and teaching of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In this series, a dome theatre was launched recently at the Gandhi Darshan to give the visitors a 360-degree video immersive experience. The 360-degree dome project implemented by the IIT Delhi and one of its startups.
  • The dome theatre is basically a high-tech projection which uses combination of digital tools to provide life like experience to the visitors. Four projectors have been combined in the 360-degree dome theatre. For the digital projection of the film as compared to the flat screen, the area of the film widens in the dome theatre. In addition to this video and sound effect simulate the 3-D effect which makes the film more interesting.
  • Virtual reality and Augmented reality are also being used to introduce Ghandhiji. A digital exhibition was also inaugurated at Ghandi Darshan. New technology enables the viewers to gain knowledge about Gandhiji in an interesting manner and it will be especially attractive to the new generation.
  • The program started a year ago on the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi will run till next year. These programs also include digital Gandhi Gyan Vigyan exhibition displaying various high-tech installation related to Gandhiji.

2. 21 Scientists selected for Swarnajayanti Fellowships

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Swarnajayanti Fellowships are scientist specific fellowships that were started by the GoI to commemorate the 50th year of independence. Under this scheme, the government provides financial assistance and support to talented young scientists to pursue unfettered research in their area of interest and expertise. This year 21 young scientists have earned this fellowship with their hard work and dedication.

About the scheme:Swarnajayanti Fellowships 2020, Fellowships in science and technology,  Fellowships in India

  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has announced the names of the young scientists who have been selected for the Swarnajayanti Fellowships for the 2019 to 2020. The scheme encourages talented young scientists of the country to pursue unhindered research in their field of interest.
  • This time 21 young scientists have been selected on the basis of their past work, innovative research idea and potential to make impact on R & D in the respected discipline.
  • The Swarnajayanti Fellowships scheme considered contributions of researchers from the fields of Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Life science and Earth and Atmospheric Science. The scientists are selected through a rigorous 3 tier process.
  • Scientists selected under the scheme get a monthly fellowship of Rs 25,000 and an annual research grant of Rs 5 lakh for the next 5 years in addition to the salary.

 3. CSIR’s AROMA Mission benefitting the farmers

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CSIR’s AROMA Mission aims to increase income of farmers through the cultivation of high value aromatic crops which are used widely in the perfumery and flavour industry. Under this mission, Palampur based Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) successfully developed complete package of agro-processing technology to cultivate and grow the crop of wild marigold. Now, the farmers of Himachal Pradesh are earning substantial amount of money through this.

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About the Mission:

  • Wild Marigold is a major source of essential oil which is used widely in the perfumery and flavouring industries. CSIR’s IHBT has made outstanding efforts to facilitate the farming of this high value aromatic crop in Himachal Pradesh. Under the AROMA mission, the Institute has not only developed agro technology to cultivate the crop, but also the processing technology to extract oil.
  • The farmers were motivated for cooperative farming provided with high quality seed and distillation plants were established to extract aromatic oil. The Institute trained the farmers to gain maximum benefits from the production.
  • Wild marigold belongs to the genus Tagetes and the plant generally grow in the temperate regions. The species Tagetes minuta L is cultivated on commercial level to obtain high grade essential oil. The extract of this plant are also known to possess many bioactive components and therapeutic properties. The cultivation of this species requires minimum maintenance but yields highest oil contains.
  • The cultivation of wild marigold in many part of the Himachal Pradesh has benefitted the farmers in a major way. The farmers do not spend much on the cultivation yet extract high value and high quality aromatic oil collectively from the processing plant.
  • The farmers are now getting exceptionally good returns on their harvest as compared to the traditional crops in the region.
  • IHBT is implementing the AROMA mission successfully in the Himachal Pradesh. The Institute has succeeded in growing a variety of high value aromatic plants and flowers in the region using cutting edge science and technology.

4. First fast radio burst detected in the Milky way

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Recently, the scientists have confirmed for the first time to have detected fast radio burst within our milky way. Until now, such signals were reported only from the far away galaxies. Scientist believed that this FRB is coming from a powerful Magnetar which is present at the other side of the galaxy.