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Science Monitor (05 September 2020)

Science Monitor (05 September 2020)

                                     

1. Launch of Exclusive Interactions on STIP 2020

Context:

The consultation process to formulate the new national science technology and innovation policy has been initiated by the office of the principal scientific Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy (STIP 2020) – in the making |  India Science, Technology & Innovationadvisor and the department of Science and Technology, GoI. Under this, Union Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan then launched a series of exclusive interactions with thought leaders from across the country called in conversation with an inaugurated STIP page on mygov. in portal.

About the STIP 2020:

  • Corona crisis has proved that there is a great need for financial as well as intellectual investment in science and technology to enable the country not only to deal with such epidemics, but also to pursue and sustain all the other aspects of development.
  • Therefore, Union Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan hascalled for public participation in formulating an evidence driven and inclusive science technology and innovation policy STIP 2020 to strengthen the science ecosystem and the self-reliance of India.
  • The objective of this program is to engage in wide ranging consultations with the public and the experts through the science policy forum and to include them in new science technology and innovation policy, so that, STIP 2020  can be decentralized an inclusive and ample attention can be given to important areas like environment, biodiversity and information technology to attain sustainable development.
  • The aim is to develop a dynamic policy by incorporating policy governing mechanisms to keep up with the times.
  • The STIP 2020 process has been divided into 4 interlinked tracks of actions:
    • Track 1: It involves extended public and expert consultation to reach out to India’s every citizen living in any part of the country and to seek their suggestions.
    • Track 2: Action relates to focused expert driven consultations.
    • Track 3: For consultation with Ministries and States, Union territories.
    • Track 4: Comprises of apex level consultation and advice.
  • All tracks will run together to make policy formulation totally inclusive and participatory.

2. Indian Astronomers find an important clue

Context:

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital have found a clue to solve the mystery behind the strange behaviour of some of the dwarf galaxies. According to the scientists, these dwarf galaxies are forming stars at a much faster rate than the massive galaxies. But the process lasts for shorter period of time compared to the life of the galaxies. After making many observations using two Indian telescopes, the scientists have outlined the possible reasons behind these anomalies.

              

About the Dwarf Galaxies

  • The universe is filled with galaxies, massive or large and dwarf or small. Usually the rate of star formation is faster in massive galaxies and slower in dwarf galaxies, but astronomical studies have revealed that some dwarf galaxies are forming stars at a much faster rate than that of the most massive galaxies like our own milky way. However, this activity lasts for a shorter time period as compared to the age of these galaxies.
  • So far, the reason behind this aberration has been a mystery but now astronomers of Nainital based Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), an autonomous institute under the Department of Science and Technology have found a clue to solve the mystery behind this unexpected behaviour of dwarf galaxies.
  • ARIES astronomers observe dozens of such galaxies with the help of Devasthal Optical Telescope and giant meter wave radio telescope situated in Pune. The astronomers found that the clue to this strange behaviour lies in the disturbed hydrogen distribution in these galaxies and also in recent collisions between two galaxies.
  • A star formation at a higher rate requires a very high density of hydrogen in the galaxies. So, the scientists map the ionized hydrogen with the help of optical telescope and imaged the signals from the atomic hydrogen using the radio telescope. These signals showed that the hydrogen distribution in these dwarf galaxies was irregular and sometime not moving in well-defined orbits. The data also suggested that collisions between two galaxies can trigger intense star formation.
  • The findings of this research with detailed images of 13 galaxies will be appearing in the forthcoming issue of monthly notices of Royal Astronomical Society journal, published by the Royal Astronomical Society, UK. It will help astronomers to understand the formation of stars and evolution of less massive galaxies in the universe. At the same time, it will also highlight the scientific acumen of India.

3. HFOT device launched for patients of covid-19

Context:

Addressing the need of covid-19 patients, a high flow oxygen therapy device was launched recently by NoccaRobotics and incubated startup IIT Kanpur. The cutting-edge device called NOCCARC H210  is quite convenient to use and provides humidified oxygen rich air at a suitable temperature and humidity level. The device reduces the chances of intubation thus, preventing a lot of discomfort to the patients who are suffering from acute and chronic breathing problems.

About the device:

  • Covid-19 infection affects the respiratory system of the patient. As the infection reaches the lungs through throat and nose, breathing becomes difficult and the oxygen level of the body falls which can prove to be fatal.
  • In view of the need for comfortable and effective respiratory devices, Nocca Robotics and incubating company of SIIC, IIT Kanpur has developed high flow oxygen therapy device NOCCARC H210.
  • The cutting-edge device reduces the chances of incubation and is easy and comfortable to use as it allows the patients to breath freely without exhausting their energy.
  • The high flow oxygen therapy device provides patients with moist oxygenated air through the nasal canola, thereby increasing oxygen levels in the blood. This device provides easy oral suctioning and expectoration and reduces the risk of respiratory complications such as pneumonia. Incorporating high-end technology NOCCARC H210 has electronic control with inputs for high and low pressure oxygen and a turbine based flow generator.
  • This product is equipped with dual temperature sensors. It also different modes for adults and children. The device comes with various alarms to alert the healthcare professionals in case of any anomaly.
  • Although, the covid cases are increasing in the country, yet the number of patients requiring ventilators is relatively small. Nevertheless, the development of NOCCARC H210 has made India most self-reliant in catering to the needs of the disease. This indigenous device will reduce the metabolic cost of breathing while allowing the patients breathe freely.

4. An Internet based channel to popularize science

Context:

Dissemination of science and technology knowledge is vital for the progressive development of any society. At the same time, it is very important to choose the right medium for this dissemination, so that all the sections of the society are able to access the knowledge freely. Therefore, an internet based over the top tv channel was launched last year by the department of science and technology, GoI, to reach more than 500 million internet users in the country. The 24/7 dedicated science video platform called as Indiascience.in is implemented and managed by Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous organisation under the Department of Science and Technology.

                Promoting Science and Technology – Missions,Policies & Schemes – Civilsdaily

About the channel:

  • India has always been rich in terms of scientific knowledge and talent and today Indian scientists are expanding their boundaries and leading the world in many fields of science.
  • With the aim of spreading these achievements and to build scientific temperament in the country, India science channel was launched in the year 2019 by department of science and technology, GoI.
  • The internet based dedicate science web channel is being implemented and managed by Vigyan Prasar, committed towards science communication. The channels feature science, documentaries, discussions on current topics, interviews and different programs covering the entire landscape of science and technology to make science popular among the masses.
  • As India have huge base of internet users in urban as well as in rural areas, so this medium is the most suitable for the dissemination of science and technology knowledge and developments.
  • Under the Department of Science and Technology, Vigyan Prasar has already been conducting large scale science and technology popularization programs and activities to promote scientific and rational outlook in the society which also includes various interesting video programs based on science.
  • These programs can also be viewed on this channel, one can access all the contents of this web channels free of cost anywhere anytime. India Science is currently available in English and Hindi at URL www. Indiascience.in. This channel can be viewed on any device with internet facility.

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