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Israel - UAE Historic Peace Deal (20 August 2020)

Israel - UAE Historic Peace Deal (20 August 2020)

Why in News:

Israel and the United Arab Emirates have inaugurated direct telephone services between their countries following their agreement last week to normalise relations.

Context:

The countries' foreign ministers called each other and exchanged greetings following the historic peace accord. The US-brokered deal was announced by President Donald Trump last Thursday. It is only the third Israeli-Arab peace treaty in West Asia. India and the international community welcomed the move, although Palestinians, Iran and Turkey have denounced it. Under the terms of the deal, Israel has agreed to suspend its controversial plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank.

Background:

UAE is a USA-allied federation of seven sheikhdoms on the Arabian Peninsula which did not recognise Israel over its occupation of Palestinians home land.

In recent years, ties between Israel and Gulf Arab nations have quietly grown due to their shared enmity of Iran and the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah.

Until now Israel has had no diplomatic relations with Gulf Arab countries over the Israel-Palestine conflict, which has many dimensions but at its core is a deeply religious issue.

It marks only the third Israel-Arab peace deal since Israel's declaration of independence in 1948, after Egypt and Jordan.

Summary of the Debate

About the deal:

  • Under the deal, Israel has agreed to suspend annexing areas of the occupied West Bank as it had been planning to do.
  • It also firms up opposition to regional power Iran, which the UAE, Israel and the US view as the main threat in the region.
  • The agreement will be known as the Abraham Accords.
  • UAE becomes the third Arab state to recognize Israel and the first from the Gulf.