74th Independence Day - India, Neighbourhood and World (15 August 2020)
74th Independence Day - India, Neighbourhood & World (15 August 2020)
Why in News:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi today addressed the nation from the majestic Red Fort on the occasion of India's 74th Independence Day.
In the one-hour 26-minute speech, he focused on the themes of "Aatma Nirbhar Bharat", "Vocal for local" and "Make in India to Make for World". He also paid tribute to those on the frontlines of the fight against the coronavirus and declared that India had a roadmap ready for the production and distribution of three COVID-19 vaccines that are at various stages of testing. This is PM Modi's seventh consecutive Independence Day speech, and second since his BJP-led NDA swept to a second term in power in Lok Sabha elections last year.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a sharp message to two of India’s neighbours, China and Pakistan, declaring that the armed forces deployed along the borders with the two countries have given a fitting reply to those who sought to challenge India’s sovereignty.
Like in previous years, PM did not name Pakistan, or China. But as he wrapped up his speech that had extensively focused on the campaign to build a self-reliant India, the Prime Minister from the ramparts of the Red Fort underlined that the country’s sovereignty is supreme.
Summary of the Debate
- PM launched the National Digital Health Mission, to bring a revolution in the country’s health sector.
- Turning India into a $5-trillion economy within five years.
- PM announced the creation of a new post of chief of defence staff to ensure the better coordination of the army, navy and air force, along the lines of western military forces.
- New Cyber Security Policy to be unveiled soon.
- Ladakh to be a Carbon-neutral region.
- Government's scheme to provide sanitary napkins at Rs 1.
- To connect India's over six lakh villages with optical fibre network in the next 1000 days.
- Investment of Rs 100 lakh crore on infrastructure projects.
- Income side of the economy is not in the good shape.
- As far as the components related to solar panels are concerned, in the last few decades India’s dependence on China has increased.
- Poor Infrastructure.
- Rigid labour Laws.
- complexities at policy making level.
- Problems in land acquisition.
- Absence of single window clearance of projects and inadequate funding.
- Central government has changed lots of laws but what matters is behaviour of the frontline bureaucracy, what is happening at local level is very important for the investors where India is lacking as of now. So, the state governments really need to change their laws, modernise their laws and modernise the frontline bureaucracy.
- Making investment in research and innovation.
- Research and innovation does not come simply by buying technology, the technology is ultimately about human being i.e. how much a country has invested in human resource, how much it has educated its workforce. So, that is where India needs to focus on.
- Manufacturing can grow in the country when it has sufficient aggregate demand but now income side of the economy is not looking good. So, it’s only when company operate in a domestic market which has high demand only then they become competitive and they go out in the world and start competing with the International competitors.
- PM in his speech focussed on Cyber optics cable network, that is reaching up to the rural level, so thinking about the integrated infrastructure plan and not thinking about the cyber connectivity and 5G is not going to work these days, so bringing that portion in that itself is a way forward.
- PM spoke about the social exclusion and the regional exclusion; there are certain region and certain community which are excluded from development process. Unless we do not bring those regions and communities in this vision for development, that is not going to work out.
- The greatest takeaway was the announcement of the National health id card and also the announcement of the water connectivity, the water tap which will be provided. Taking together the proper sanitation, clean drinking water and accessibility to healthcare will be the greatest transformation.
- Before becoming ‘Vishwaguru’, India should become ‘Vishwashramik’ , so country must invest in labour force, education and it’s time to have world class labour force which can produce world class products.
Important points made by the Guests
Ashok Tandon, Senior Journalist
Prafulla Ketkar, Editor, Organiser
Abhinav Prakash, Assistant Professor, University of Delhi