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Science Monitor 06 June 2020

Science Monitor: 06 June 2020

Topics covered in this Gist

  • World environment day
  • S&T for growth in the dairy sector
  • Smart UVC  disinfection system
  • Annular solar eclipse in India

1. World environment day

World Environment Day takes place every year on 5 June, since 1974. It engaged nations, their governments, big corporations, and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue. This Day has also become an important platform for encouraging progress on the environmental front of the Sustainable Development Goals.

This year the theme of World Environment Day is biodiversity- Time for Nature, a concern that is both urgent and existential. World Environment Day 2020 is hosted by the Columbia in partnership with Germany.

Prelims Facts

  • In 1972, World Environment Day (WED) was established by the United Nations.  It was also the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.
  • The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment or Stockholm Conference was an international conference convened under United Nations, held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5-16, 1972.
  • In 1974 the first World Environment Day was held with the theme ‘Only One Earth.’
  • The concept for rotating the centre of these activities through selecting different host countries began in 1987.

 Earth provides enough to satisfy every Man’s needs, but not every man’s greed.     -Mahatma Gandhiplastic.jpg

Beat Plastic Pollution

In 2018, India celebrated the ‘World Environment Day’ (June 5) with a theme: beat plastic pollution.

The theme urges governments, industries, communities, and individuals to come together and explore sustainable alternatives.

It also urges this target group to reduce the production and excessive use of single-use plastics, which are polluting our environment and threatening human health.

Ways to spread awarenessfacts plastic.jpg

  • Conferences
  • Talks
  • Print and electronic publicity
  • Social media campaign
  • Films
  • Songs
  • Rallies
  • Slogans
  • Cleanliness campaign
  • Contests
  • Community Events


India’s Policies related to the Environment

  • As per Article 48 in the Directive Principles of State Policy, ‘the state shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country’.
    • As per Article 51-A, it is the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.
  • India is also a part of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) treaty. Before joining the CBD, India had different laws to govern the environment.
    • The Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972 protected biodiversity.
    • The 1988 National Forest Policy had its fundamental principle of conservation.
    • India has the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act 1992 to take care of biodiversity.

2. Science and Technology for growth in the Dairy sector

  • Milk and milk products are an integral part of our diet. As per the Food and Agriculture Organization, more than 6 billion people consume milk and milk-based products. This sector supports the livelihood of more than 1 billion people in the world.
  • India is the largest producer of milk in the world.
  • In 2018, India produced 186 million tonnes of milk, which was 22% of that year’s global total milk production of 843 million tonnes, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  • In the year 2019, the cattle increased by 24 percent, and the milk production increased by 1105 times as compared to 1951.
  • In the year 2018-19, milk worth Rs. 65400 crore was produced in the country.
  • Artificial Insemination and cross-breeding have played a role in this transformation by enhancing the productivity of animals.

National Dairy Research Institute

  • The National Dairy Research Institute as the premier Dairy Research Institution undertakes research, teaching and extension activities