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Social-Report and Indices

Global Report on Internal Displacement, 2020 (GRID, 2020)

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre

  • Globally, 33.4 million new displacements in 2019, highest ever since 2012, maximum in South Asia region.
  • Total internally displaced people: 50.8 million
  • Displacements triggered by Conflict and violence: 45.7 million people, highest ever
  • Disaster displacements: India-highest- 5 Mn
  • 590,000 people live in internal displacement as a result of disasters in India.
  • Internally displaced people are different from refugees, not typically covered by international refugee protections.

World Happiness Report, 2020

United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network

  • Finland-First rank
  • India:
    • 144/156- in 2020, 140-2019
    • A new entrant to the bottom-fifteen group
    • Ranked lower than Nepal (92), Pakistan (66), Bangladesh (107) and Sri Lanka (130).
  • Higher happiness of the Nordic states is due to social trust, trust in institutions, and social connections.
  • Rural population is happier than its urban counterpart.
  • The first time ranks cities around the world.
  • 6 Parameters: GDP per capita (Income); life expectancy; Social support; Trust (absence of corruption); Freedom and Generosity (recent donations).

UN World Water Development (WWDR) Report titled, ‘Water and Climate Change’

Published by UNESCO on behalf of the UN Water.

  • Report on world’s freshwater resources
  • UNESCO World Water Assessment Programme help WWDR.
  • Launched in conjunction with World Water Day
  • Addresses the critical linkages between water and climate change in the context of sustainable development.
  • “Water” rarely appears in international climate agreements, even though it plays a key role in issues such as food security, energy production, economic development and poverty reduction.
  • Reducing both the impacts and drivers of climate change will need a change in the use of water resources.
  • 2.1 billion people- No access to clean and readily available drinking water.
  • 4.3 billion people-No access to safe sanitation 
  • Africa- more than 50% people suffering from lack of water access reside in Africa.
  • By 2050: 45 % of global GDP and 40 % of global grain production will be threatened by environmental damage and lack of water resources.
  • Displacement: 700 Mn people by 2030
  • SDG 6: “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all” will be difficult to achieve.
  • India:
    • Groundwater: uses 24 % of the global, largest.
    • 3rd largest exporter of virtual water

A New Era for Girls: Taking stock on 25 years of progress of Beijing Declaration

  • Plan International
  • UN Women.

Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, 1995: It is a comprehensive policy agenda for gender equality, to end discrimination against women and girls.

Report “A New Era for Girls” is released to mark the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration.

Imp. findings of the report:

  • Education: Number of girls out of school worldwide dropped by 79 million between 1998 and 2018.
  • Employment: Female youth labour force participation declined from 47 per cent in 1995 to 33 per cent in 2020, despite improved educational opportunities.
  • Gender-based discrimination:
    • Son preference and access to prenatal sex determination, the unfavourable child sex ratio for girls.
    • Female genital mutilation declined over the past 25 years
  • Health and nutrition:
    • Overweight and obesity among girls from 9% in 1995 to 17% in 2016.
    • The adolescent birth rate has declined globally from 60 births per 1,000 girls aged 15–19 years to 44 births.

‘State of Aadhaar- A People’s Perspective

consulting firm Dalberg

  • Aadhaar- 12-digit identification number issued by the UIADA, collects only four personal information – name, age, gender and address.
  • Some states have achieved enrolment levels higher than 99%. Assam and Meghalaya are exceptions with enrolment levels under 50%.
  • 95% of adults have Aadhaar and 75% of children have Aadhaar.
  • 90% of people trust that their data are safe in the Aadhaar system.
  • 61% of welfare beneficiaries trust that Aadhaar prevents others from accessing their benefits. 
  • About.

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER)

NGO Pratham

  • Based on a survey conducted in 26 districts across 24 states.
  • ASER collects data on the schooling or pre-schooling status of children in the age group 4-8.
  • It explores children’s performance on 4 competencies that are identified as important predictors of future success, viz.
    • Cognitive Development,
    • Early Language,
    • Early Numeracy, and
    • Social and Emotional Development.
  • Survey shows the prevalence of learning deficit and the poverty of basic reading and arithmetic skills among students in Indian schools.
  • Highlights a gender gap in schooling.
  • Only 37.4% of kids below six are able to recognize at least letters and only 25.6% can do additions.
  • Enrolment: Government-run preschool system is losing out to private schools in enrolment.
  • More than 90% of young children in this age group are enrolled in some type of educational institution.
  • Report underlined the need to focus on the early years to improve the basics of education.
  • Role of Mother: Better education level among mothers can lead to better outcomes among children in preschools.
  • More girls are enrolled in government institutions and more boys in private institutions.
  • In India government preschool system is managed through the Centre‘s Integrated Child Development Scheme, under the ministry of women and child development, while schools come under the education ministries at the Centre and in the states.
  • Early childhood education has the potential to be the “greatest and most powerful equaliser”.

Global Gender Gap Report, 2020

World Economic Forum

  • To capture the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time.
  • It measures gender equality across four pillars:
  1. Economic Participation and Opportunity
  2. Educational Attainment
  3. Health and Survival, and
  4. Political Empowerment.
  • The Report aims to serve “as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics”
  • Top: Iceland, Norway, and Finland
  • Gender Parity: World has achieved 68.6% of its gender gap and It will take another 99.5 years to achieve global gender equality.
  • Political Empowerment: The largest gender disparity is in political empowerment. Only 25% seats in parliaments around the world are occupied by women, and only 21% ministers are women.
  • Economic Participation and Opportunity: It has the second-largest gap. It is the only dimension where progress has regressed. At this rate it will take 257 years to close this gap. The

India’s Performance:

  • India: ranked 112th /153 in 2019, 108 in 2018.
  • India is the only country in the WEF list to exhibit a wider economic gap than its political one.
  • India is 18th on political representation, while ranked 149th on Economic Participation and Opportunity.
  • Economic opportunities for women are extremely limited in India (35.4 per cent).
  • It also ranked lower than Nepal (101st) and Bangladesh (50th).
  • India is also ranked in the bottom-five in terms of women’s health and survival and economic participation.
  • Positive: India has closed two-thirds of its overall gender gap (score of 66.8%).

Global Migration Report 2020 

International Organisation for Migration- UN-affiliated


  • Number of migrants: In 2019 international migrants are estimated at 270 million which is around 3.5% of the world’s population.
  • Origin countries: India continued to be the largest country of origin of international migrants.
  • Largest number of migrants living abroad: India (17.5 million) > Mexico (11.8 million) > China (10.7 million).
  • Destination: The top destination country remained the United States (50.7 million international migrants).
  • Reason of migration: An estimated 52 per cent are male and nearly two-thirds of all migrants are looking for work.
  • Labour migrants: Roughly two-thirds of international migrants are labour migrants.
  • Child: The share of international migrants who were children has dropped from 16% in 2000 to 13.9%.


  • International remittances increased to $689 billion in 2018.
  • Top Recipients:  India ($78.6 billion) > China ($67.4 billion) > Mexico ($35.7 billion).
  • Top Sender:  United States > United Arab Emirates >Saudi Arabia.

Water Quality Report

Ministry  of Consumer Affairs

  • Bureau of India Standards (BIS) conducted these tests of quality of piped drinking water in major cities in India.
  • This report focused on the quality of piped drinking water. It also ranked the States, smart cities and districts accordingly.
  • This test was in line with Jal Jeevan Mission which aims to provide tap water to all households by 2024.
  • Tests were conducted on various parameters such as Organoleptic and Physical Tests, Chemical test, Toxic substances and Bacteriological tests in the first stage.
  • In Delhi, all the 11 samples drawn from various places did not comply with the requirements of the Indian Standard.
  • All the 10 samples drawn from Mumbai were found to comply with the Indian Standard.
  • Delhi has abysmal water quality, Chennai and Kolkata rank very low, and Mumbai is the only city with acceptable results
  • A vast majority of the samples have failed to comply with the Indian Standard (IS) 10500:2012 in one or more parameters.


World University Rankings Asia 2020


Quacquarelli Symonds (QS)

  • The rankings include Public Universities, Private Universities and deemed universities.
  • QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
  • It was previously known as Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings.
  • Asia: The National University of Singapore is ranked Asia’s best university.
  • India: The best performing institution from India is IIT Bombay, which drops one place to 34th position. It is followed by IIT Delhi at 43rd place and IIT Madras at 50th.
  • Methodology: The QS Rankings use a methodology based on 11 metrics like ‘Academic Reputation’, ‘Employer Reputation’, ‘Papers per Faculty’, ‘Citations per Paper’, ‘Staff with PhD’ etc.
  • India dominates the ‘Staff with PhD’ indicator with seven institutions achieving the perfect 100.00 score and raking No. 1 tied in this metric.

The state of world children report


  • UNICEF has released its ‘State of the World’s Children’ report titled “Children Food and Nutrition- Growing Well in a Changing World”.
  • Triple burden of malnutrition- under nutrition, hidden hunger and overweight are talked in this report.

Global trend:

  • One in three children under the age of five years — around 200 million children worldwide — are either undernourished or overweight.
  • At least one in two children suffers from hidden hunger.

India Specific:

  • In India, every second child is affected by some form of malnutrition.
  • 35% of Indian children suffer from stunting due to lack of nutrition, 17% suffer from wasting, 33% are underweight and 2% are overweight.
  • Among countries in South Asia, India fares the worst (54%) on the prevalence of children under five who are either stunted, wasted or overweight.
  • Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives are better performing countries than India.
  • India has reported the highest burden of deaths among children under five per year, with over 8 lakh deaths in 2018, followed by Nigeria, Pakistan and the Congo.

Global Tuberculosis Report 

World Health Organization

  • The report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and progress in the response at global, regional and country levels.
  • Tuberculosis remains the top infectious killer in the world claiming over 4,000 lives a day.
  • SDG 3.3 includes a target of ending the TB epidemic by 2030.
  • Geographical Spread: South-East Asia (44%) > Africa (24%) > Western Pacific (18%).
  • Eight countries that accounted for two-thirds of the global total include India (27%), China (9%) and Indonesia (8%).
  • Globally, TB claimed 15 lakh lives in 2018, including 2.51 lakh with HIV.
  • 26.9 % of the global TB burden in 2018 was from India. In 2017, the figure was 27 per cent.
  • TB incidence rate in India dropped from almost 300 per lakh population in 2000 to 199/lakh in 2018, as compared to a global decline from 170/lakh to 132/lakh.
  • Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs.

QS India University Rankings 

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS)

  • The rankings include public, private, higher education or deemed universities.
  • The methodology used eight indicators to determine the institutions’ rankings.
  • These were: academic reputation (weight of 30%), employer reputation (20%), faculty-student ratio (20%), the proportion of staff with a PhD (10%), papers per faculty from Scopus database (10%), citations per paper from Scopus database (5%), the proportion of international students (2.5%), and the proportion of international faculty (2.5%).
  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) dominate the list, with seven IITs figuring in the top ten.
  • Delhi University, University of Hyderabad and the Indian Institute of Science are the only other non-IIT institutions in the top ten.
  • IIT-Bombay leads followed by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for 2nd consecutive year.
  • The QS used the methodology of the BRICS Rankings to prepare India Rankings.

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE)

Ministry of Human Resource Development

  • This survey covers all higher education institutions in the country, which are categorised into 3 broad categories: university, college & stand-alone institutions.
  • It covers all the Higher Educational Institutions in the country.
  • Data is being collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, infrastructure.
  • The Report showed that the gender gap in the country narrowed as compared to the previous year, i.e. 2017-18.
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio in Higher Education has risen marginally from 25.8% in 2017-18 to 26.3% in 2018-19.
  • GER for the male population is 26.3% and for females, it is 26.4%. For Scheduled Castes, it is 23% and for Scheduled Tribes, it is 17.2% as compared to the national GER of 26.3%.
  • UP and Karnataka have more female enrolment in higher education.
  • Female enrolment has improved from 47.6% in 2017-18 to 48.6% in 2018-19.
  • Number of Institutions: Number of universities has grown from 903 in 2017-18 to 993 in 2018-19 and total HEIs (higher educational institutions) from 49,964 to 51,649 in the same period.
  • The number of faculty has also increased from 13.88 lakh to 14.16 lakh.
  • Out of the total number of colleges in India, only 11.04% are exclusively there for female students.

The International Migrant Stock, 2019 



UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)


  • It includes data of several international migrants by origin, age and sex for all countries and areas.
  • India was the leading country of origin of international migrants in 2019 with a 17.5 million-strong diaspora.
  • Number of migrants globally reached an estimated 272 million.
  • Migrants Origin: India > Mexico > China
  • Migrants destination: USA > Saudi Arabia > Russia
  • The share of women and girls migrants fell slightly from 49% to 48% in the year 2019
  • The global number of refugees and asylum seekers increased by 13 million between 2010 and 2017.
  • India hosted 5.1 million international migrants in 2019, less than the 5.2 million in 2015.
  • In India, the highest number of international migrants came from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal

State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2019

United Nations

It is issued annually by the Food and  Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Global scenario: 

  • An estimated 820 million people did not have enough to eat in 2018, up from 811 million in the previous year, which is the third year of increase in a row. After decades of decline, food insecurity began to increase in 2015.
  • In 2018, Africa and Asia accounted for more than nine out of ten of all stunted children worldwide (54.9 per cent and 39.5 per cent respectively).
  • Hunger is on the rise in almost all African sub-regions, making Africa the region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment.
  • Over 2 billion people (26.4 per cent of the world population) do not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food and these people live in low- and middle- and high-income countries

Hunger and GDP:

  • The current economic costs of under-nutrition are estimated at between 5-11 per cent of GDP in Africa and Asia.
  • Costs of obesity are estimated at approximately 2.8 per cent of the world's gross domestic product (GDP).

Indian scenario:

  • The number of obese adults in India has risen by a fourth in four years, from 24.1 million in 2012 to 32.8 million in 2016.
  • The country’s undernourished population has dropped by roughly the same fraction in 12 years, from 253.9 million in 2004-06 to 194.4 million in 2016-18.
  • Prevalence of undernourishment in the total population in India was 22.2% in 2004-06 and 14.5% in 2016-18.
  • In India, the number of undernourished people declined from 253.9 million in 2004-06 to 194.4 million in 2016-18.

Economic growth in China and India, and its effect on poverty:

  • Between 1990 and 2017, the two countries had an average GDP per capita growth rate of 8.6 % and 4.5 % respectively.
  • In both countries, the increase in GDP per capita has been accompanied by poverty reduction.
  • China’s poverty rate declined from 88 % in 1981 to 0.7 % in 2015. India’s poverty reduction appeared to be relatively more modest, moving from 48.9 % in 1987 to 21.2 % in 2011, or to 13.4 % in 2015.



  • This report presents the scale and scope of the internal displacement of children and their families around the world.
  • The report, 'Lost at Home', looks at the risks and challenges internally displaced children face, and the urgent actions needed to protect them.
  • As COVID-19 continues to spread around the world, these children are among the most vulnerable to its direct and indirect impacts.

Reason of Displacement:

  • Conflict and violence are the leading causes of internal displacement for children.
  • Discrimination, denial of rights to specific groups, statelessness and Climate change-induced disasters are some other factors.

Global scenario:

  • Almost 33 million new displacements were recorded in 2019- 
    • 25 million due to natural disasters
    • 8.5 million due to conflict and violence.
  • Natural disasters resulted in more new displacements than conflict and violence. 

Regional Scenario:

  • Almost 10 million new displacements in 2019 were recorded in East Asia and the Pacific (39 %) — and almost the same number in South Asia (9.5 million).
  • Internally displaced persons are concentrated in two regions — the Middle East and North Africa and West and Central Africa.

India and neighbours:

  • Total number of new internal displacements in 2019 stood at around 5 million – with the majority due to disasters.
  • Highest new internal displacements: India > Philippines > Bangladesh > China.
  • India, the Philippines, Bangladesh and China accounted for 69% of global disaster-induced displacements.

Global Nutrition Report 

Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit

  • The Global Nutrition Report was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013. The first report was published in 2014.
  • The report acts as a report card on the world’s nutrition globally, regionally, and country by country—and also suggest measures to improve it.
  • It is a multi-stakeholder initiative, consisting of a Stakeholder Group, Independent Expert Group and Report Secretariat.
  • It also identified the country as one with the highest rates of domestic inequalities in malnutrition.
  • The report emphasises on the link between malnutrition and different forms of inequity, such as those based on geographic location, age, gender, ethnicity, education and wealth in all its forms.
  • The United Nations General Assembly in 2016 adopted a resolution proclaiming the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition from 2016 to 2025.
  • The Sustainable Development Goal 2: Zero hunger also aims to end all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, making sure all people – especially children – have access to sufficient and nutritious food all year round.

Indian scenario:

  • According to the Global Nutrition Report 2020, India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025.
  • India will miss targets for all four nutritional indicators for which there is data available, i.e.
    • Stunting among under-5 children,
    • Anaemia among women of reproductive age,
    • Childhood overweight and
    • Exclusive breastfeeding.

Inequalities and malnutrition- The report has identified India as the country having the highest rates of inequality in terms of domestic malnutrition. 

  • Overweight and Obesity: Rate of overweight and obesity continues to rise, affecting almost a fifth of the adults, at 21.6% of women and 17.8% of men.
  • Stunting and wasting among children: 37.9% of children under 5 years are stunted and 20.8% are wasted, compared to the Asia average of 22.7% and 9.4% respectively. Stunting prevalence is 10.1% higher in rural areas compared to urban areas. Stunting level in Uttar Pradesh is over 40%.
  • Underweight children: Between 2000 and 2016, rates of underweight have decreased from 66.0% to 58.1% for boys and 54.2% to 50.1% in girls. However, this is still high compared to the average of 35.6% for boys and 31.8% for girls in Asia.
  • Anaemia: In India one in two women of reproductive age is anaemic.


Gender Social Norms Index

United Nations Development Programme

  • It measures how social beliefs affect gender equality.
  • It commemorates the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platforms for Action (Beijing+25). 
  • It captures how social beliefs can obstruct gender equality along four dimensions:
  • political, educational, economic and physical integrity.
  • Highlight of the Report:
  • 90% of men and women hold some form of bias against women.
  • People ‘s gendered beliefs do impact women‘s rights and equality.
  • There is no country without bias against gender equality. No country has yet achieved gender equality.
  • Half of the world’s men and women feel that men make better political leaders.
  • Over 40 per cent feel that men make better business executives.
  • Men have more right to a job when jobs are scarce.
  • 28 % think it is justified for a man to beat his wife.
  • Less than 6 % of CEOs in S&P 500 companies are women. 

Ease of Living Index (EoLI)

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

  • Facilitate the assessment of ease of living of citizens across three pillars:
    • Quality of Life,
    • Economic Ability and
    • Sustainability
  • The first time a Citizen Perception Survey is being conducted.
  • These indices are designed to assess the quality of life of citizens in 100 Smart Cities and 14 other Million Plus Cities.
  • Holistic view of Indian cities based on
  1. The services provided by local bodies
  2. The effectiveness of the administration
  3. Liveability within cities
  4. The citizen perception of these outcomes.

Global Social Mobility Index 


World Economic Forum

  • First-ever Global Social Mobility Report by WEF.
  • Help policy-makers to identify areas for improving social mobility and promoting equally shared opportunities in their economies, regardless of their development.
  • assesses the 82 economies on “10 pillars” spread across five key dimensions of social mobility:
    1. Health;
    2. Education
    3. Technology
    4. Work
    5. social protection and inclusive institution
  • Top: Denmark > Norway>Finland
  • G7: Germany tops.
  • BRICS: Russia > China > Brazil > India > South Africa
  • India: 76th /82
  • Five economies most to gain from boosting social mobility are China, USA, India, Japan and Germany.
  • Increasing social mobility by 10 per cent would benefit social cohesion and boost the world’s economies by nearly 5 per cent by 2030.

Global Hunger Index 2019 

Welthungerhilfe And Concern Worldwide

  • It is a tool to measure and track hunger at the global, regional and country levels.
  • High-income countries are not included in the GHI.
  • The reason for mapping hunger is to ensure that the world achieves “Zero Hunger by 2030” — one of the Sustainable Development Goals laid out by the United Nations.
  • It uses four indicators to map GHI:
  1. Undernourishment
  2. Child stunting
  3. Child wasting
  4. Child mortality

Global Trend:

  • Global Hunger: It is moving from Serious to Moderate level.
  • Highest: South Asia and Africa faces the highest level of hunger.
  • Climate change: Countries more vulnerable to climate change faces more hunger.

GHI and India:

  • India in Global Hunger Index slipped from 95th rank in 2010 to 102nd in 2019.
  • India is behind its neighbours Sri Lanka (66), Nepal (73), Pakistan (94) and Bangladesh (88).
  • Among the BRICS grouping, India is ranked the worst, with China at 25.
  • India is one of the 47 countries that have ‘serious’ levels of hunger.
  • under 5 mortality: India has shown improvement in under 5 mortality rates.
  • Child wasting rate: India bagged the top spot in child wasting rate in the world.

School Education Quality Index 


NITI Aayog, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, and the World Bank.


It is to evaluate the performance of States and UTs in the school education sector.

It assesses States based on learning outcomes, access, equity and infrastructure and facilities, using survey data, self-reported data from States and third-party verification.

The index enables the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs, and hence, fosters the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism.

It categorises states and UTs into three groups – Large States, Small States and UTs to facilitate like-to-like comparison.

It provides two types of rankings i.e. Overall performance ranking and incremental performance ranking.

Kerala has emerged on top among 20 large states in terms of quality of school education, followed by Rajasthan and Karnataka.

The highest incremental performance has been recorded in Kerala.

Among smaller States, Manipur emerged as the best performer, while Chandigarh topped the list of Union Territories.

West Bengal refused to participate in the evaluation process and has not been included in the rankings.


Global Liveability Index 



Economist Intelligence Unit

  • The EIU ranking of 140 cities is based on their scores in Five Broad Categories —
  1. Stability
  2. Healthcare
  3. Culture and Environment
  4. Education
  5. Infrastructure
  • New Delhi and Mumbai ranked 118th and 119th out of 140 cities in the Global Liveability Index, 2019. New Delhi registered the biggest decline in Asia.
  • The EIU said the decline in Mumbai's rank was mainly due to a downgrade in its culture score, while New Delhi has fallen in the index because of downgrades to its culture and environment score as well as fall in the stability score owing to rising crime rates.
  • The EIU's Global Liveability Index 2019 has crowned Vienna as the world's most liveable city. 
  • BRICS: Moscow (Russia) at 68th was at top.

Composite Water Management Index 


NITI Aayog in association with Ministry of JAL Shakti and Ministry of Rural Development


  • It measures the performance of States on a comprehensive set of water indicators.
  • NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized the Composite Water Management Index in 2018 as a tool to instill the sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states.
  • CWMI has been developed comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance.
  • Top states: Gujarat > Andhra Pradesh > Madhya Pradesh.
  • North Eastern and the Himalayan States: Himachal > Uttarakhand > Tripura
  • UTs: Puducherry tops. UTs have first time submitted their data.
  • Of the 25 states and two union territories, assessed in the CWMI, 80 per cent have improved their water management scores, with an average improvement of more than 5.2 points. But worryingly, 16 out of the 27 states still score less than 50 points and fall in the low-performing category.
  • The low-performing states, which include Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Delhi, Rajasthan, Nagaland and Meghalaya, collectively account for around 48 per cent of the population, 40 per cent of agricultural produce and 35 per cent of economic output of India.

Child Well Being Index



World Vision India  and IFMR LEAD



  • Child well-being index is a tool designed to measure and tracks children's well-being comprehensively.
  • This report provides insights on health, nutrition, education, sanitation and child protection. 
  • The score is calculated using 24 indicators divided into 3 categories of
  1. Healthy individual development
  2. Positive relationships
  3. Protective contexts.
  • Top States: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh
  • Bottom: Meghalaya, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh
  • UTs: Puducherry was best performing