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Basic Economic Data

6. BASIC ECONOMIC DATA

  • THE Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) came into existence as an independent ministry in 1999 after the merger of the Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation.             
  • The Ministry has two wings, one relating to statistics and the other relating to programme implementation.           
  • The Statistics Wing redesignated as National Statistics Office (NSO), consists of the Central Statistical Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).     

National Statistical Commission:

  • The National Statistical Commission (NSC) was set up in 2005.
  • The setting up of the NSC followed the decision of the Cabinet to accept the recommendation of the Rangarajan Commission, which reviewed the Indian Statistical System in 2001.
  • It has one part-time Chairperson and four part-time members, each having specialization and experience in specified statistical fields.
  • The Chief Statistician of India is the Secretary to the Commission.
  • He is also the Secretary to the Government of India in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Central Statistics Office:

  • It is an attached office of the Ministry, coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards.
  • Its activities inter-alia, include a compilation of national accounts, index of industrial production, consumer price indices (urban/rural/ combined), human development statistics, including gender statistics in the states and union territories and dissemination energy statistics, social and environment statistics and preparation of the National Industrial Classification.
  • The CSO, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation started releasing state/UT-wise as well as All India Consumer Price Indices (CPI) separately for rural, urban and combined (rural plus urban) for the purpose of temporal price comparison with effect from January 2011 with 2010 as the base year.
  • Accordingly, the annual inflation rates, based on these indices were made available since January 2012. CSO revised the base year of CPI form 2010-2012 and revised series was launched in 2015.

Annual Survey of Industries:

  • It is the principal source of industrial statistics in India.
  • It provides statistical information to access and evaluate, objectively and realistically, the change in the growth, composition and structure of the organized manufacturing sector comprising activities related to manufacturing processes, repair services, generation, transmission, etc., of electricity, gas and water supply and cold storage.
  • The ASI extends to the entire country.
  • It covers:
    • all factories registered under Sections 2m (i) and 2m (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948, where the manufacturing process is defined under Section 2 (k) of the said Act.
    • bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.
    • All the electricity undertakings engaged in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, not registered with the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) are also covered under ASI.
  • However, defence establishments, oil storage and distribution depots, departmental units such as railway workshops, government mints, sanitary, water supply, gas storage, etc., are excluded from the purview of the survey.

Index of Industrial Production:

  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is released by CSO every month in the form of Quick Estimates with a time-lag of 6 weeks as per the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) norms of IMF.
  • The base year of all-India IIP was revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12 and the new series was launched in 2017.
  • IIP is compiled using secondary data received from 14 source agencies in various ministries/departments or their attached/subordinate offices.
  • Apart from the breakup of the index in three sectors, viz., mining, manufacturing and electricity, the estimates are also simultaneously released as per use-based classification viz., primary goods, intermediate goods, infrastructure construction goods and consumer durables and consumer non-durables.

National Sample Survey Office:

  • The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, is responsible for the conduct of large scale sample surveys, in diverse fields, on all India basis.
  • Primary data is collected regularly through nationwide household surveys on various socio-economic subjects, Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) under the Collection of Statistics Act and Enterprise Surveys, as a follow up of the economic census.
  • Besides these surveys, NSSO collects data on rural and urban prices; plays a significant role in the improvement of crop statistics through supervision of the area enumeration and crop estimation surveys of the state agencies.
  • The Director-General (Survey) is responsible for overall coordination and supervision of all activities of NSSO and is assisted by four Additional Director Generals, each one being in-charge of separate divisions responsible for four distinct aspects of such large scale surveys relating to their designing and planning, fieldwork, data processing and coordination.

Price Data Collection

Consumer Price Index (Urban)

  • It measure the changes over time in the general level of retail prices of goods and services for the purpose of consumption relevant to the urban population of the country.
  • The price collection of CPI (U) was initiated from 2008 by the Field Operations Division of NASSO on behalf of CSO, Price Statistics Division.
  • The current base year for CPI (U) is 2012

Wholesale Price Index (Outgoing)

  • It is used as an important measure of inflation in India.
  • Fiscal and monetary policy changes are greatly influenced by changes in WPI.

Rural Retail Price Collection (RPC)

  • The data on rural retail prices are collected by Field Operations Divisions (FOD) regularly for compiling the consumer price index (CPI) for agricultural labourers/rural labourers on behalf of the Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • At present, the Labour Bureau compiles and publishes the CPI for agricultural labourers/rural labourers.
  • The price data for the items in the commodity basket are collected every month from a fixed set of 603 villages/ markets spread over 26 states/UTs using schedules 3.01 (R).
  • The RPC bulletin called the ‘Prices and Wages in Rural India’ which is published for each quarter provides price data only at the national level and wage data at national and state level for 26 major states.

Twenty Point Programme:

  • The Twenty Point Programme (TPP) initiated since 1975 was restructured in 1982, 1986 and 2006.
  • The thrust of the Programme restructured in 2006 is to eradicate poverty and improve the quality of life of the poor and the underprivileged people all over the country.
  • The Programme originally consisted of 20 points and 66 items being monitored individually by central nodal ministries concerned.
  • Out of the 66 items, 25 were for monthly monitoring, while the rest were to be monitored on an annual basis by this Ministry.
  • The monthly information in respect of 21 items was collected from various states/union territories and for the remaining four, the information was collected from the concerned ministries.
  • Since 2014 the data collection is done on a quarterly basis and the monthly monitoring has been
  • changed to quarterly monitoring.
  • At present, out of the remaining 65 items, 19 items are being monitored on a quarterly basis.
  • The monitoring mechanism for TPP-2006 has also been widened by including block-level monitoring in addition to the existing central, state and district level monitoring.

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS):

  • MPLADS was launched in 1993.
  • Initially, the Ministry of Rural Development was the Nodal Ministry for this scheme.
  • In October 1994 this scheme was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
  • The objective of MPLAD Scheme is to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasizes on creation of durable community assets in the areas of national priorities, viz., drinking water facility; education; electricity facility; health and family welfare; irrigation facility; non-conventional energy severs; railways, roads, pathways and bridges; sanitation and public health, etc., based on the locally felt needs.
  • The salient features of the Scheme include:
    • The Scheme is fully funded by the Government of India under which funds are released in the form of grants-in-aid directly to the district authorities.
    • The funds released under the Scheme are non-lapsable, i.e., the entitlement of funds not released in a particular year is carried forward to the subsequent years, subject to eligibility. At present, the annual entitlement per MP/ constituency is ? 5 crore.
    • Under it, the role of the Members of Parliament is limited to recommend works. Thereafter, it is the responsibility of the district authority to sanction, execute and complete the works recommended within the stipulated time period.
    • The elected Lok Sabha Members can recommend works in their respective constituencies. The elected members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the state from which they are elected. Nominated Members of the Parliament can recommend works for implementation, anywhere in the country.
    • MPLADS works can be implemented in areas affected by natural calamities.
    • 15 per cent of MPLADS funds are to be utilized for areas inhabited by the SC population and 7.5 per cent for areas inhabited by ST population.

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