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Youth Affairs and Sports

29- YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS

Introduction

THE Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports functioned under the overall guidance of the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Youth Affairs and Sports during the year. In April 2008, two separate Departments, namely, Department of Youth Affairs and Department of Sports, were created under the Ministry.

India is one of the youngest nations in the world, with about 65 percent of the population under 35 years of age. The youth in the age group of 15- 29 years comprise 27.5 percent of the population. It is estimated that by the year 2020, the population of India would have a median age of 28 years only. In order to capture this demographic dividend, it is essential that the economy has the ability to support the increase in the labour force and the youth have the appropriate education, skills, health awareness, and other enablers to productively contribute to the economy. The Government of India makes significant investment on programs for the youth, through various ministries/departments.

National Youth Policy

  • The National Youth Policy, 2014 (NYP-2014) was launched in 2014, replacing the erstwhile National Youth Policy, 2003.
  • The Policy defines ‘youth’ as persons in the age-group of 15-29 years.

Schemes for Youth

  • The Department of Youth Affairs was operating a number of schemes for development and empowerment of youth.
  • Some of the schemes had annual outlay of less than ? 10 crores.
  • In order to improve the effectiveness of these schemes, it was considered necessary to merge these schemes into a single scheme, which can act as the flagship scheme of the Department.
  • The Department undertook a comprehensive exercise to re-structure/consolidate all the schemes which are now being operated by Department of Youth Affairs into 3 flagship schemes as follows:

Name of the Old Schemes

New Schemes

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan(NYKS)

Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakaram (RYSK)

National Youth Corps (NYC)

National Programme for Youth & Adolescent Development (NPYAD)

International Cooperation

Youth Hostels (YH)

Assistance to Scouting & Guiding Organizations

National Discipline Scheme (NDS)

National Young Leaders Programme (NYLP)

National Service Scheme

National Service Scheme

Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

 

Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram

Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan

 

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), launched in 1972, is one of the largest youth organisations in the world.
  • NYKS currently has about 8.7 million youth enrolled through 3.04 lakh youth clubs/Mahila mandals.
  • NYKS has a presence in 623 districts through Nehru Yuva Kendras (NYKs).
  • Objective: To develop the personality and leadership qualities of the youth and to engage them in nation-building activities.
  • Areas of focus: literacy and education, health and family welfare, sanitation and cleanliness, environment conservation, awareness on social issues, women empowerment, rural development, skill development and self- employment, entrepreneurship development, civic education, disaster relief and rehabilitation, etc.

National Youth Corps

  • The Scheme of National Youth Corps (NYC) was launched in 2010-11 and the same is being implemented through NYKS.
  • Objectives:
    • To set up a group of disciplined and dedicated youth to engage in the task of nation-building
    • To facilitate the realization of inclusive growth (both social and economic)
    • To act as group modulators and peer group educators
  • Under it, youth in the age-group of 18-25 years are engaged as volunteers to serve up to maximum of 2 years in nation-building activities.
  • Minimum qualification: Class-X passed
  • Paid: ? 5,000/per month from 2016
  • The selection of NYC volunteers is done by a selection committee, headed by District Collector/Deputy Commissioner of the concerned district.

National Service Scheme

  • National Service Scheme (NSS) was introduced in 1969
  • Objective: Developing the personality and character of the youth through voluntary community service
  • Education through Service is the purpose of the NSS.
  • The ideological orientation of the NSS is inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi.

Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

  • RGNIYD Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, is an ‘Institute of National Importance’ under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
  • The RGNIYD was set up in 1993 as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1975 and was conferred the status of ‘Deemed to be University’ under ‘de-novo’ category in 2008, by the Ministry of Human Resources Development.

National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development:

  • NPYAD scheme was introduced in 2008.
  • Under it, financial assistance is provided to government/non-government organisations for taking up youth and adolescent activities.
  • The assistance under NPYAD is provided under 5 major components:
    • Youth leadership and personality development training
    • Promotion of national integration
    • Promotion of adventure
    • Development and empowerment of adolescents
    • Technical and resource development

National Youth Festival:

  • Under the promotion of national integration, of NPYAD, a National Youth Festival is organised in January every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda (12th January), which is celebrated as National Youth Day.
  • The Festival is organised in one of the states willing and equipped to host it.
  • The expenditure is shared between the Centre and the host state.
  • The programmes organised include various cultural programmes (both competitive and non-competitive), youth convention, suvichar, exhibitions, adventure programmes, etc.

 Sports 

  • With modern sports being highly competitive, the use of modern infrastructure, equipment and advanced scientific support has changed the scenario of sports at the international level.
  • Keeping in line with the growing demands for advanced infrastructure, equipment and scientific support, Government of India has taken several initiatives and is providing the necessary assistance to sportspersons by way of training and exposure in international competitions backed up with scientific and equipment support.

National Sports Policy

  • National Sports Policy, 2001 envisages mainly the promotion of excellence in sports.
  • The salient features of this Policy are:
    • Broadcasting of sports and achievement of excellence
    • Upgradation and development of infrastructure
    • Support to national sports federations and other appropriate bodies
    • Strengthening of scientific and coaching support to sports
    • Enhanced participation of women, scheduled tribes and rural youth
    • Involvement of the corporate sector in sports promotion.

Sports Authority of India

  • The Sports Authority of India (SAI) was established in 1984 as a registered society primarily to ensure effective maintenance and optimum utilization of the sports infrastructure that was built in Delhi during ASIAD, 1982.
  • It is now the nodal agency in the country for broadbasing sports and for the training of sportspersons to achieve excellence in national and international sports.
  • The Society for National Institute of Physical Education and Sports (SNIPES) was merged with SAI in 1987.
  • SAI operates various schemes at sub-junior, junior and senior levels, namely, National Sports Talent Contest (NSTC), Army Boys Sports Company (ABSC), SAI Training Centres (STC) and Special Area Games to achieve excellence at national and international level.
  • SAI has also set up centres of excellence for elite sportspersons at each of its regional centres and one at the National Institute of Sports, Patiala.
  • For optimum utilization of its five stadia which were renovated at a substantial cost for Commonwealth Games, 2010, Sports Authority of India introduced ‘Come and Play Scheme’ in 2011.
  • After the successful launch of the Scheme in Delhi, SAI launched the ‘Come and Play Scheme’ in all its centres spread across the country from 2011 with the objective of encouraging the local youth to use the sports facilities available at these centres and to impart coaching, primarily to the beginners, to encourage participation in sports.

 Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education 

  • The Institute was established initially as a college in 1957, the centenary year of the first war of Independence.
  • The University is located at Gwalior.
  • In recognition of the services rendered in the field of physical education and sports by the Institute, it was upgraded to a “Deemed University” in 1995.
  • It is fully funded by the Government of India.
  • The Institute attracts students from abroad also.

National Sports University

  • The Government of India decided to set up a National Sports University in Manipur.
  • It will be first of its kind, to promote sports education in the areas of sports sciences, sports technology, sports management and sports coaching besides functioning as the national training centre for select sports disciplines by adopting best international practices.
  • The University will impart Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral programmes in sports coaching, sports sciences and physical education in various disciplines.

Khelo India

  • A new umbrella Scheme “Khelo India” was launched during 2016-17 after the merger of existing scheme Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan (RGKA), Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS) and National Sports Talent Search System Programme (NSTSSP).
  • The Scheme is being implemented as a central sector scheme.
  • The revamped Khelo India has twelve components, which aim at achieving the twin objectives of the National Sports Policy 2001- broadbasing of sports and achieving excellence in sports.

Promotion of Excellence in Sports

Scheme of Assistance to National Sports Federations

  • Government of India provides assistance to National Sports Federations (NSFs) for conducting national championships and international tournaments, participation in international tournaments abroad, organizing coaching camps, procuring sports equipment, engagement of foreign coaches, etc.

Scheme of Human Resources Development in Sports

  • The Scheme was launched in 2013-14 after a thorough revision of the “Scheme of Talent Search and Training”.
  • Main focus: To give emphasis on the academic and intellectual side of sports management by awarding Fellowships to deserving candidates for specialized studies at Masters’ and Doctoral level

National Sports Development Fund

  • The National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) was instituted with a view to mobilizing resources from the government as well as non-governmental sources, including the private/corporate sector and non-resident Indians, for promotion of sports and games in the country.
  • To make contributions to the fund attractive, 100 per cent exemption from income tax is available on all contributions.

Incentive Schemes for Sportspersons

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award

  • The Scheme was launched in 1991-92.
  • Under it, an amount of ? 7.5 lakh is given as an award for the most spectacular and outstanding performance by a sportsperson over a period of four years immediately preceding the year in which award is to be given.
  • For 2019, this award has been conferred upon Shri Vimal Kumar for badminton, Shri Sandeep Gupta for table tennis and Shri Mohinder Singh Dhillon for athletics.

Arjuna Award

  • The award was instituted in 1961.
  • To be eligible for the award, a sportsperson should have not only good performance consistently for the previous four years at the international level with excellence for the year for which award is recommended but should have also shown qualities of leadership, sportsmanship and a sense of discipline.
  • The awardee is given a statuette, a certificate, ceremonial dress and a cash award of rupees five lakh.

Dhyan Chand Award for Life Time Achievement

  • This award was instituted in 2002.
  • It is given to honour those sportspersons who have contributed to sports by their performance and continue to contribute to the promotion of sports even after their retirement from active sporting career.
  • The awardee is given a statuette, a certificate, ceremonial dress and a cash award of rupees five lakh.

Dronacharya Award

  • This award was instituted in 1985 to honour eminent coaches who have successfully trained sportspersons or teams and enabled them to achieve outstanding results in international competitions.
  • The awardee is given a statuette of Guru Dronacharya, a certificate, ceremonial dress and a cash award of five lakhs.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy

  • This trophy was instituted in 1956-57.
  • The top overall performing university in the inter-university tournaments is given the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy, which is a rolling trophy.

Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar

  • With a view to recognizing the contribution made to sports development by entities other than sportspersons and coaches.
  • Government has instituted a new award titled ‘Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar’ from 2009, which has four categories:
    • Identification and nurturing of budding / young talent
    • Encouragement to sports through corporate social responsibility
    • Employment of sportspersons
    • Sports welfare measures and sports for development
  • The award consists of a citation and a trophy in each of the above mentioned categories.
  • There is no cash award.

Special Awards to winners in International Sports Events and their Coaches

  • This Scheme was introduced in 1986 to encourage and motivate outstanding sportspersons for higher achievements and to attract the younger generation to take up sports as a career.
  • Under it, special awards are given to sportspersons and their coaches for winning medals in recognized international sports.

Scheme of Pension to Meritorious Sportspersons

  • This Scheme was launched in 1994.
  • As per the Scheme, those sportspersons, who are Indian citizens and have won gold, silver and bronze medals in Olympic Games, World Cup / World Championships, Asian Games, Commonwealth Games, Para-Olympics and Para-Asian Games, have attained the age of 30 years and have retired from active sports career are eligible for pension for life.

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund

  • The name of National Welfare Fund for sportspersons was changed to Padit Deendayal Upadhyay National Welfare Fund for sportspersons from 2017.
  • This Fund was set up in 1982 with a view to assisting outstanding sportspersons of yesteryears, living in indigent circumstances who had won glory for the country in sports.
  • Assistance is given in the form of lumpsum financial assistance, to sportspersons or their families in case of sustaining a fatal injury during training for, or participation in, an international competition.
  • Assistance is provided to those whose monthly income from all sources is less than ? 2,00,000/- per annum.

Scheme of Assistance for Anti-Doping Activities

  • Doping is the deliberate or inadvertent use by sportspersons of a substance or method banned by the Medical Commission of International Olympic Committee / World Anti Doping Agency (WADA).
  • Recognizing the urgent need for embarking upon a concerted effort to check to dope in collaboration with the global anti-doping community, the Government of India became one of the members of the Foundation Board of WADA, set up with the initiative of the International Olympic Committee.

National Anti Doping Agency

  • National Anti Doping Agency (NADA), set up in 2009, is the national organization responsible for promoting, coordinating, and monitoring the doping control programme in sports in the country.
  • The Anti Doping rules of NADA are compliant with the Anti-Doping Code of WADA.

National Dope Testing Laboratory

  • The National Dope Testing Laboratory (NDTL) is an autonomous body under this Ministry.
  • It is accredited by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
  • NDTL is one of the 33 WADA accredited laboratories in the world and one among seven in Asia.
  • NDTL was registered in 2008 under Registration of Society Act, 1860.
  • Apart from human dope testing, NDTL has diversified in the area of horse dope testing and proficiency testing programme.

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