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The Report on Household Social Consumption Education

The Report on Household Social Consumption: Education

Context:

The report on “Household Social Consumption: Education”  has been released by the National Statistical Office (NSO).

  • NSO surveyed 1.13 lakh households spread across over 8,000 villages and 6,000 urban blocks between July 2017 and June 2018. The study also involved 1.52 lakh students across different levels of study.
  • Literacy, accessibility to schools, household expenditure on education, and the rural-urban gap are the criteria of the report.

Key findings:

  • School accessibility: On accessibility, 92.7% of the rural households have a primary school within 1 km as compared to 87.2% in urban areas.
    • But only 38% of the rural household have access to secondary school as compared to 70% in the urban areas on similar parameters.
    • While accessibility to a neighborhood school at the primary level is not an issue in rural areas.
  • Gross attendance: Nearly 100% of boys and girls in both rural and urban areas attending classes.
  • Preference of school: 76.1% of the rural children are attending government-run primary and middle schools, while only 38% of the urban children are attending government schools.
    • However, for graduate and above studies, 49.7% of rural students are attending classes in government institutions as compared to 41% of the urban counterparts in government institutions.
    • At school level the majority of the urban family had shown a preference for private schools, it’s the opposite for rural households.
  • Literacy: The all India literacy rate among persons aged 7 years and above is 77.7%. However, for the same age group, rural literacy is 73.5% and in the urban areas, it is 87.7%.
  • Access to computers: There is a digital divide, only 4% of the rural households having access to computers as compared to 23% in urban areas. 
    • The digital divide between rural and urban households is stark with just 4% of the rural population having access to computers.
    • Only 15% of the surveyed population in the rural cluster has internet access, 42% of the surveyed students in the urban areas have access to the internet.
    • Only 24% of the persons between age 15-29 years in rural areas are able to operate a computer as compared to 56% of their urban counterparts.
  • Expenditure on education: There is also a big gap in expenditure on education, especially at the school level. Annual average expenditure per student at secondary and senior secondary level in a rural household stands at Rs 5,856 and Rs 9,148 respectively. An urban household for the same classes spends Rs 17,518 and Rs 23,832 respectively.
    • The average expenditure per student incurred during an academic session for basic courses was nearly Rs 8,331 for general courses, Rs 50,307 for technical and professional courses.

Source: Times of India