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Conservation of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Genetic Resources

Conservation of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Genetic Resources

Context:

The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under the Ministry of AYUSH and the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).

Details:

  • Objective:  To conserve the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Genetic Resources at the designated space of ICAR-NBPGR in a long-term storage module in the National Gene bank. Conservation at Regional Station for medium-term storage module and acquire hands-on training on plant germplasm conservation techniques to the working group of NMPB.
  • Both institutions are committed to conserving germplasm on a long-term basis, safely and cost-effectively for present and future generations to ensure social and economic security.
  • Both on behalf of the ICAR would develop detailed modalities for seed storage of MAPGRs and submit periodic progress reports to their respective organizations.
  • Medicinal Plants are rich resources of traditional medicines and are being used for thousands of years in the health care system resources. 

National Medicinal Plants Board

  • It was set up in 2000 by the government of India to promote the medicinal plant's sector.
  • Objective: To develops a mechanism for coordination between various ministries, organizations, and implementation of programs for cultivation, conservation, trade, and export. The board also focuses on the growth of the medicinal plant's sector at the central, state, and international levels.
    • Currently, it is working under the Ministry of AYUSH.

National Gene Bank (NGB):

  • The National Gene Bank was notified in 1996-97 and hosted by National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi.
  • Objective: Conservation of the Plant Genetic Resources for future generations in the form of seeds, genomic resources, pollen, etc. NGB also stores cereals, millets, medicinal and aromatic plants, and narcotics, etc.
  • Facility: It has four kinds of facilities, namely, Seed Genebank, Cryogenebank, In vitro Genebank, and Field Genebank.

National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources:

  • In 1977 it was renamed as ‘National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources’ (NBPGR).
  • The NBPGR is associated with National Active Germplasm Sites for the management of active germplasm of field and horticultural crops.
    • Germplasm is living tissue from which new plants can be grown.
    • Germplasm can be a seed or another plant part such as a leaf, a piece of stem, pollen, or even just a few cells that can be turned into a whole plant.
    • Germplasm contains the genetic information of a species.
  • It is one of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):

  • It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.
  • It is a nodal organization in India for the management of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR).

National Animal Gene Bank:

  • It established at the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).
  • Objective: Conservation of the indigenous livestock biodiversity.
  • The foundation stone of NBAGR/NIAG was laid in 1985.
  • The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources and National Institute of Animal Genetics were merged in 1995 to function as a single unit in the form of National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources

Source: PIB