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QS World University rankings

QS World University rankings


  • There are 22 Indian institutions in the top 1,000 list of the QS World University rankings compared to 21 last year. JNU enters top 1,000 global universities ranking first time.

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Key Details of the Report:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University has entered the top 1,000 of the QS World University rankings for the first time, as its new undergraduate engineering programme now makes it eligible for the rating.
  • Top Position: IIT Bombay maintained its position as the top Indian institution for the fourth consecutive year, although it fell five places in the global rankings to the joint 177th position.
  • IIT Delhi (185th rank) overtook the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (186th rank), giving India three institutions in the world’s top 200.
  • IISc was also declared the world’s top research university by the indicator of most citations per faculty member, when adjusted for faculty size.

JNU enters top 1,000 global universities ranking

Criticism of Such Global Ranking:

  1. Manipulation: Improvement in scores was simply a manipulation of numbers by the rankings agency, driven by commercial pressures.  

  2. Reputation indicators: Half of the score comes from reputation indicators which are based on perception, rather than any objective methodology.

  3. Boycott v. Manipulate: They cannot afford too much unhappiness, or they may face a boycott like the THE [Times Higher Education rankings], so they manipulate the numbers.

  4. Indian v. Global Factors: Some institutions are still worried that the rankings do not accurately reflect the quality of education in India, as they are largely dependent on international perception factors.

  5. The IIT director also alleged that QS is driven by commercial concerns, charging institutions a fee to help them manage and improve perceptions, leading to a conflict of interest.

Steps taken to improve ranking:

  • An Education Ministry committee was set up a year ago to improve global perception.

  • NEP: Improvement in QS scores could be attributed to the National Education Policy.

  • “The NEP gave a free hand to institutions which has fuelled enthusiasm. There is a renewed focus on research and on new ways of teaching, and that has paid off.

QS World Ranking by Subject:

  • Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) is a leading global career and education network for ambitious professionals looking to further their personal and professional development.

  • QS World University Rankings by subject calculate performance based on four parameters —

    1. Academic reputation,

    2. Employer reputation,

    3. Research impact (citations per paper) and

    4. Productivity of an institution’s research faculty.

  • The QS rankings offer independent data on the performance of 253 programmes at 52 Indian higher education institutions, across 51 academic disciplines.

  • These programmes include various engineering disciplines (chemical, petroleum, civil, mechanical), law, development studies and arts, among others.

Source: The Hindu