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The World Bank education project

The World Bank education project

Context:

The World Bank has approved a project worth $500 million to improve the learning outcome and governance of government schools in six Indian states.

Background:

  • STARS builds on the partnership between India and the World Bank since 1994 for strengthening the school education system and to support the goal of providing education to all. 
  • Before STARS, the World Bank had provided assistance of over $3 billion towards this.

Details:

  • World Bank has mentioned that India has made significant strides in improving access to education across the country. 
  • In India, between 2004-05 and 2018-19, the number of children going to school increased from 219 million to 248 million.
  • However, the learning outcomes of students across all age groups remain below par.

Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States Program: 

  • STARS will be implemented through the Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan, the flagship central scheme of India.

Coverage:

  • Six states Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Rajasthan are included in the program.
  • More than 52% of children in government-run schools in the six project states belong to vulnerable sections, such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and minority communities.

Significance:

  • Improve the learning assessment: The project will help improve the learning assessment systems, strengthen classroom instruction, and remediation, facilitate school-to-work transition, and strengthen governance and decentralized management.
  • Address “the ‘learning outcome’: It will also address “the ‘learning outcome’ challenge and help students better prepare for the jobs of the future.
    • India recognizes this need to significantly improve its learning outcomes to fuel future growth and meet the labor market demands. 
  • Strengthening implementation: STARS will aid India’s response by strengthening implementation at the local level, investing in teacher capacity and ensuring that no child of any background is left behind from the right to education

The World Bank:

  • It is an international organization dedicated to providing financing, advice, and research to developing nations to aid their economic advancement.
  • It was created in 1944 out of the Bretton Woods Agreement.
  • The World Bank headquartered in Washington, D.C.
  • The World Bank has two stated goals:
    • To end extreme poverty by decreasing the number of people living on less than $1.90 a day to below 3% of the world population.
    • To increase overall prosperity by increasing income growth in the bottom 40% of every country in the world.
    • World Bank aims to achieve these goals by 2030.
  • The World Bank comprises two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group.

World Bank Group Comprises of Five organizations:

  1. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
  2. The International Development Association (IDA)
  3. International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  4. Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
  5. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

Source: LiveMint