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National Super Computing Mission (NSM)

National Super Computing Mission (NSM)

CONTEXT:

  • India is fast emerging a leader in high power computing with the National Super Computing Mission (NSM).

                                         DSTIndia on Twitter:

KEY DETAILS:

  • India is fast emerging a leader in high power computing with the National Super Computing Mission (NSM) boosting it to meet the increasing computational demands of

    • Academia,

    • Researchers,

    • MSMES, and

    • Startups

  • Areas of Work: In areas like

    • Oil exploration,

    • Flood prediction as well as

    • Genomics and drug discovery.

  • Computing infrastructure in institutions:  It has already been installed in four premier institutions and installation work is in rapid progress in 9 more.

NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING MISSION:

  • It was launched to enhance the research capacities and capabilities in the country by connecting them to form a Supercomputing grid, with National Knowledge Network (NKN) as the backbone.

  • The NSM is setting up a grid of supercomputing facilities in academic and research institutions across the country.

  • Part of this is being imported from abroad and part built indigenously.

  • The Mission is being jointly steered by

    • Department of Science and Technology (DST) and

    • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).

  • Implemented by:

    • Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune, and

    • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.

  • Phase II of NSM: Completion in September 2021 will take the country’s computing power to 16 Petaflops (PF).

  • Phase III: Initiated in year 2021, will take the computing speed to around 45 Petaflops. This will include three systems of 3 PF each and one system of 20PF as a national facility.

Indigenous supercomputer in India:

  • PARAM Shivay: The first supercomputer assembled indigenously, was installed in IIT (BHU), followed by PARAM Shakti, PARAM Brahma, PARAM Yukti, PARAM Sanganak at IIT-Kharagpur IISER, Pune, JNCASR, Bengaluru and IIT Kanpur respectively.

  • PARAM Siddhi - AI, the high-performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer, has achieved global ranking of 62 in TOP 500 most powerful supercomputer systems in the world, released on 16th November 2020.

  • Rudra: India has developed an Indigenous server (Rudra), which can meet the HPC requirements of all governments and PSUs.

SOURCE: PIB