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GLOBAL EDUCATION MONITORING REPORT 2020

Global Education Monitoring Report 2020

Context:

According to the Global Education Monitoring Report 2020, The COVID-19 pandemic has posed inequalities in education systems. The report has been published by UNESCO.

Key findings:

  • The report highlighted that about 40% of low- and lower-middle-income countries have not supported learners at risk of exclusion during the COVID-19 crisis. learners include poor, linguistic minorities, and learners with disabilities.
  • During the lockdown period in April 2020, almost 91% of students around the world were out of school.
  • Distance-learning would be a good solution for education learning. Many poorer countries have opted for radio and television lessons, 55% of low-income, 73% of lower-middle-income, and 93% of upper-middle-income countries adopted for online learning platforms for primary and secondary education.
  • 17% of low and middle-income countries are planning to recruit more teachers to tackle the situation.
  • 22% to increase class time and 68% to introduce remedial classes when schools reopen.

Challenges:

  • Digital divide: The digital divide has posed limits on the Governments rely on technology because not all students and teachers have access to an adequate internet connection.
  • School closures: It interrupts support mechanisms for many disadvantaged students. Blind and deaf students are suffering because resources may not be available outside schools.
    • Children with learning disabilities or those who are on the autism spectrum may struggle with independent work in front of a computer or the disruption of daily school routines.
    • Poor students who depend on school for free meals or even free sanitary napkins have suffered.
  • Cancellation of examinations:  It may result in scoring dependent on teachers’ judgments of students instead, which could be affected by stereotypes of certain types of students.
  • Higher drop-out rates: Drop-out rates are also a concern because, during an earlier Ebola epidemic in Africa, many older girls never returned to school once the crisis was over.

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): 

  • It is also one of the specialized agencies of the United Nation and also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group
  • Objective: To build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences, and Culture.
  • Headquarter: Paris.
  • Three UNESCO members Cook Islands, Niue, and Palestine are not UN members:
  • Three UN members Israel, Liechtenstein, United States are not a member of UNESCO.

Way forward:

The Constitution of India committed to provide free and compulsory education to the children up to the age of fourteen. The right to education is the fundamental right and education is mandatory for all children of the age group 6-14 years.

The world bank report mentioned that there are more than 7,40,000 formal schools; more than 3.6 million teachers are working on a full-time basis in India. More than 175 Universities offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses and about 6000 colleges affiliated to these universities.

Currently, schools in remote areas are not technically advance to support online education. Though some government initiatives like Shagun Portal, DIKSHA, etc are playing a good role, however, some more efforts are needed.

Source: The Hindu