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Indigenously built, first pair of weather radars installed over Himalayas

Indigenously built, first pair of weather radars installed over Himalayas

CONTEXT:

Union Minister for Earth Sciences Dr Harsh Vardhan Friday commissioned two of the ten indigenously built Doppler weather radars which will closely monitor the weather changes over the Himalayas.

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NEWS IN DETAILS:

New Forecast System: A joint venture with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the Union minister launched a Multi-Mission Meteorological Data Receiving and Processing System.

  • This new system will capture, process and make available for use satellite data within seven minutes as opposed to 20 minutes taken by earlier systems.

Located at: Services of X-band Doppler radars were virtually inaugurated on the 146th foundation day of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Friday at

  • Mukteshwar in Uttarakhand and
  • Kufri in Himachal Pradesh

Covering Regions: Covering the central and western Himalayas, these dual polarised radars will gather atmospheric variations and pick signals of extreme weather events.

Highly Prone Areas: Both Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh are highly prone to

  • cloud bursts,
  • landslides,
  • heavy rain and
  • snowfall.

Advance plans and initiate rescue measures: Timely weather forecasts and warnings would ensure the governments make advance plans and initiate rescue measures, state officials said.

Weather and climate play a significant role in both agriculture and tourism — the two main sectors contributing towards the state’s economy.”

Strengthen IMD’s forecast: From just 13 radars in 2013, the country now has 29 radars operational. This will strengthen IMD’s forecasts further.”

Future agenda: The IMD must now utilise the latest digital technology and work towards developing mobile-friendly weather applications, especially in regional languages.

India Meteorological Department (IMD)

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Formed in 1875

It is the national meteorological service of the country.

HQ: New Delhi

It is the chief government agency dealing in everything related to

  • Meteorology,
  • Seismology, and
  • Associated subjects.

Ministry: Under the supervision of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Indian Government.

Source: Indian Express