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Time Use Survey

Time Use Survey


The all India Time Use Survey, 2019 has recently been published by the Government of India. The survey has covered the entire country for the first time.

Time Use Survey:

  • It provides a framework for measuring time dispositions by the population on different activities.
  • Objective: To measure the participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • The survey is an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid care-giving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service-producing activities of the household members.
  • It also provides information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc., by the household members” 

Average time spent:

  • The average Indian woman spends 243 minutes, a little over four hours, on these, which is almost ten times the 25 minutes the average man does.
  • An average Indian woman spends 19.5% of her time engaged in either unpaid domestic work or unpaid caregiving services.
  • Men spend just 2.5% of a 24-hour period on these activities. In every other group of activities – from employment and learning to socializing, leisure, and self-care activities like sleeping and eating – men spend a higher share of their daily time than women.
  • There seems to be an inverse relationship between age and the amount of time spent by women on household chores, but a direct one between age and the time spent by men on these.
  • While women above the age of 60 see a sharp fall in their domestic work burden, men tend to devote a greater time to domestic work when they cross 60.

Other key findings:

  • Total percentage of employed population: As much as 2 % of persons who were of the age of six years or above were engaged in employment and related activities in the country in 2019.
  • The proportion of males and females: 57.3 % of males were engaged in employment and related activities while the proportion was 18.4 % for females in the country.
  • Women in rural areas: In rural areas, the proportion of women engaged in employment and related activities was higher at 19.2 % compared to 16.7 % in cities.
  • Gainful employment: The proportion of males above the age of six years engaged in gainful employment or related activities was higher in cities at 59.8 compared to 56.1 % in rural areas.
  • Unpaid domestic services: 53.2 % of participants in the survey were engaged in unpaid domestic services for household members. The proportion of females in the category was higher at 81.2 % compared to 26.1 % for males. This figure for both men and women is higher in rural areas.

Source: The Hindu