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Time Use Survey

Time Use Survey

Context:

The all India Time Use Survey, 2019 has recently been published by the Government of India. The survey has covered the entire country for the first time.

Time Use Survey:

  • It provides a framework for measuring time dispositions by the population on different activities.
  • Objective: To measure the participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • The survey is an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid care-giving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service-producing activities of the household members.
  • It also provides information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc., by the household members” 

Average time spent:

  • The average Indian woman spends 243 minutes, a little over four hours, on these, which is almost ten times the 25 minutes the average man does.
  • An average Indian woman spends 19.5% of her time engaged in either unpaid domestic work or unpaid caregiving services.
  • Men spend just 2.5% of a 24-hour period on these activities. In every other group of activities – from employment and learning to socializing, leisure, and self-care activities like sleeping and eating – men spend a higher share of their daily time than women.
  • There seems to be an inverse relationship between age and the amount of time spent by women on household chores, but a direct one between age and the time spent by men on these.
  • While women above the age of 60 see a sharp fall in their domestic work burden, men tend to devote a greater time to domestic work when they cross 60.

Other key findings:

  • Total percentage of employed population: As much as 2 % of persons who were of the age of six years or above were engaged in employment and related activities in the country in 2019.
  • The proportion of males and females: 57.3 % of males were engaged in employment and related activities while the proportion was 18.4 % for females in the country.
  • Women in rural areas: In rural areas, the proportion of women engaged in employment and related activities was higher at 19.2 % compared to 16.7 % in cities.
  • Gainful employment: The proportion of males above the age of six years engaged in gainful employment or related activities was higher in cities at 59.8 compared to 56.1 % in rural areas.
  • Unpaid domestic services: 53.2 % of participants in the survey were engaged in unpaid domestic services for household members. The proportion of females in the category was higher at 81.2 % compared to 26.1 % for males. This figure for both men and women is higher in rural areas.

Source: The Hindu