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Civil Registration System

Civil Registration System

Context:

According to a 2018 report on the ‘vital statistics on India based on the Civil Registration System’, Arunachal Pradesh recorded the best sex ratio in the country. The report was published by the Registrar General of India.

Key Highlights:

  • The ratio was determined on the basis of data provided by 30 States and Union Territories.
  • The requisite information from six States namely Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal is not available.
  • The number of registered births increased to 2.33 crore in 2018 from 2.21 crore registered births in 2017.
  • The report highlighted that the level of registration of births has increased to 89.3% in 2018 from 81.3% in 2009.

Performance of States and Union Territories:

  • Arunachal Pradesh recorded 1,084 females born per thousand males, followed by Nagaland (965) Mizoram (964), Kerala (963), and Karnataka (957).
  • The worst was reported in Manipur (757), Lakshadweep (839), Daman & Diu (877), Punjab (896), and Gujarat (896).
  • Delhi recorded a sex ratio of 929, Haryana 914, and Jammu and Kashmir 952.

Civil Registration System:

  • The history of the Civil Registration System (CRS) in India dates back to the middle of the 19th century.
  • In 1886 a Central Births, Deaths, and Marriages Registration Act was promulgated to provide for voluntary registration throughout British India.
  • CRS in India is the unified process of continuous, permanent, compulsory, and universal recording of the vital events (births, deaths, still-births) and characteristics thereof.
  • The data generated through a complete and up-to-date CRS is essential for socio-economic planning.

Source: The Hindu