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New Ramsar Sites in India

New Ramsar Sites in India

Context:

Kabartal in Bihar’s Begusarai district and Keetham Lake in Agra have been added to the list of recognized Ramsar sites.

Kabartal:

  • It is a freshwater marsh of North Bihar.
  • It is also known as Kanwar jheel which covers 2,620 hectares of the Indo-Gangetic plains.
  • The site acts as a vital flood buffer for the region besides providing livelihood opportunities to the local communities.
  • Kabartal is also an important stopover along the Central Asian Flyway, with 58 migratory waterbirds using it as a wintering site.

Keetham lake:

  • It is also known as Sur Sarovar which was declared as a bird sanctuary in 1991.
  • The climatic condition of the lake area is typical of Uttar Pradesh plains with hot windy summers and extremely cold winters.
  •  Keetham Lake was named Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, after the great blind poet Surdas, who lived nearby nearly 500 years ago.
  • Sur Sarovar has the biggest Bear Rescue center for rescued dancing bears.

Ramsar Site:

  • Any wetland site which has been listed under the Ramsar Convention with an objective to conserve it and promote sustainable use of its natural resources is called a Ramsar Site.
  • Ramsar Convention was established in 1971 by UNESCO and came into force in 1975.
    • It is also known as the Convention of Wetlands.
  • India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and signed under it on 1st February 1982.

Montreux Record:

  • It is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution, or other human interference.
  • It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.

Source: The Hindu