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Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index

Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index


The Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has released the Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index.

  • Anemia is a key health concern for young girls and boys across the country. But by providing Blue, Iron Folic Acid (IFA) tablets once a week and deworming tablets every six months it can be reduced

Anemia in India:

  • 58% of children 6-56 months are anemic. 
  • 54% of Adolescent girls 15-19 years are anemic.
  • 29% of Adolescent boys 15-19 years are anemic.
  • 53% of women of reproductive age are anemic.
  • 50% of pregnant women are anemic.
  • 58% of lactating women are anemic.

Key findings:

  • Haryana was ranked at the top slot with an AMB Index of 46.7 among the 29 states.
  • Haryana is one of 11 states in the country that have achieved National Health Policy targets well before 2020.
  • The institutional deliveries have increased to 93.7 % and it was possible due to 24-hours delivery facilities in the state.

Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB):

  • It is an initiative of UNICEF and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It has been launched to reduce the prevalence of anemia all over the country.
  • Anemia is caused due to iron deficiency which impacts the capacity of an individual’s blood cells to carry oxygen.
  • The scheme aims at providing bi-weekly iron Folic acid supplementation to the children under age five through Asha workers.
  • It also provided biannual deworming for adolescents and children.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF):

  • It is a United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children worldwide.
  • It is among the most widespread and recognizable social welfare organizations in the world.
  • It relies mainly on contributions from governments and private donors.
  • It works in the area of:
    • Immunizations and disease prevention
    • Administering treatment for children and mothers with HIV
    • Enhancing childhood and maternal nutrition
    • Improving sanitation
    • Promoting education
    • Providing emergency relief in response to disasters
  • Headquarter: New York.

Source: All India Radio