Any Questions? info@beandbyias.com /+91 9958826967, 9958294810, +91 11-41644377

For registration call @ 9958294810 or mail at info@beandbyias.com | LAW OPTIONAL COURSE for CIVIL SERVICES MAINS 2021 with "Indian Polity of G.S. Prelims & Mains" Live classes Starting from 1st December 2020. |

Global Tuberculosis Report

Global Tuberculosis Report

Context:

According to the Global Tuberculosis Report 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with impacts on care-seeking behavior, threatens to reverse the recent progress in reducing the global burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease.

Tuberculosis:

  • It is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that mainly affect the lungs.
  • It spread from person to person when people with TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.
  • Tuberculosis is treated with a standard 6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs that are provided with information, supervision, and support to the patient by a health worker or trained volunteer.

Key foundings:

  • The evidence from several high TB burden countries of large reductions in the monthly number of people with TB being detected and officially reported in 2020 is available.
  • India accounts for 26% of TB cases in the world and the TB notifications during the period January-June 2020 in India fell by 25% compared to the same period in 2019.
  • The TB notifications in India in February 2020 increased compared with January but then reduced sharply in April to reach less than 40% of the January figure before increasing to reach about 75% of the January figure in the month of June.
  • The dip in TB notifications has not been very sharp in India and the recovery after the dip has been more in India than Indonesia, the Philippines, and South Africa.
  • In India, notifications of people newly diagnosed with TB increased by 74% from 1.2 million to 2.2 million between 2013 and 2019.
  • In the case of India, there is a gap in the number of people newly diagnosed and reported due to a combination of underreporting of people diagnosed with TB and under-diagnosis.

Global Tuberculosis Report:

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a global TB report every year since 1997.
  • The purpose of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the status of the TB epidemic.
  • The report is based primarily on data gathered by the World Health Organization (WHO) in annual rounds of data collection.

Govt initiatives:

  • The Nikshay Ecosystem: It is the National TB information system which is a one-stop solution to manage information of patients and monitor program activity and performance throughout the country.
  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY): It aimed at providing financial support to TB patients for their nutrition.
  • The Saksham Project: It is a project of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) that has been providing psycho-social counseling to DR-TB patients.

Source: The Hindu