India will deliver submarine to Myanmar Navy as part of growing defence cooperation between the two neighbouring countries.
- The submarine will be an EKM or kilo class submarine INS Sindhuvir.
- The submarine was purchased from the Soviet Union in the 1980s and has undergone modernisation at the Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) in Vizag.
- It belongs to a class of diesel-electric attack submarines built by the Soviet Union during the Cold War years.
- This will be the first submarine of Myanmar.
Significance of the move:
- The submarine is likely to be used by Myanmar initially for training and orientation purposes for its Navy personnel.
- The move is in line with the overall Indian vision that aspires to guarantee security for all maritime partners as per its SAGAR doctrine.
- Last year, India supplied Myanmar ‘Shyena’ advanced light torpedoes as part of a defence deal.
- This initiative of India’s military outreach to Myanmar is considered to be important as it comes in the backdrop of the ongoing military tension along the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh between India and China, a leading industrial and business partner of Myanmar.
Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR) Doctrine:
- It was outlined by Indian Prime Minister in 2015 underlining the growing salience of the Indian Ocean and global maritime commons in India’s strategic calculus.
- The doctrine advocates for intensifying cooperation among navies and maritime agencies of the world to engineer virtuous cycles of cooperation.
- The initiative gives priority to the Indian Ocean region for ensuring peace, stability and prosperity of India in the Indian Ocean region.
- It approaches significant importance while India playing the role of a security provider for the entire Indian Region.
Source: The Hindu