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Indian tag for ‘Pak’ butterfly, ‘Chinese’ dragonfly

Indian tag for ‘Pak’ butterfly, ‘Chinese’ dragonfly

Context:

A ‘Pakistani’ with wings has become the 1,328th Indian of its kind around the same time as another winged creature from China earned a similar status, recently.

Key points:

  • The sighting of the two insects was published in the latest issue of Bionotes, a quarterly newsletter for research on life forms.
  • The finding of the Pakistani butterfly and Chinese dragonfly marks the first time in India.
  • These two new species have been included in lists of indigenous species. The species will add to the species richness in India.
  • The zebra skipper or Spialia zebra has added to the richness of Rajasthan’s orchid belt comprising PhulwarikiNal Wildlife Sanctuary and Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • India now has 1,328 species of butterflies.

Butterfly Spialia Zebra:

  • The butterfly Spialia zebra was found in Dungarpur district of Rajasthan miles south of its known home comprising Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab province of Pakistan.
  • In Pakistan, the butterfly has been recorded from areas where plants need very little water, and from cultivated areas in lowlands or arid foothills.
  • The species was first seen in [what is now] Pakistan in 1888.
  • The zebra skipper is difficult to observe because it is quite small and flies rapidly low over the ground.
  • The new finding marks the first-ever recording of this species far south of its known habitat.

Dragonfly Atratothemis Reelsi:

  • Atratothemis is a monotypic genus of dragonflies in the family Libellulidae.
  • It contains the single species Atratothemisreelsi, which is recently described and has been observed in China and Laos.
  • Little is known about the species so far, but it has been noted in lowland and submontane forest habitat near pools of water.
  • The dragonfly Atratothemisreelsi was recorded in southern Arunachal Pradesh’s Namdapha Tiger Reserve, about 1,170 km west of its previously known nearest locality of Xiaoqikong Park in China’s Guizhou Province.
  • The Atratothemisreelsi was found to resemble other blackish dragonflies, one of them confined to Australia. Its genital section distinguished it from the others.
  • It is listed as ‘’Data Deficient’’ under the IUCN list of Threatened Species.

Namdapha Tiger Reserve:

  • Namdapha, named after a river meandering through it, was declared as India’s 15th Tiger Reserve in 1983.
  • Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, it was elevated to a national park in 1983 (the same year as it was made a tiger reserve).
  • It is located in the Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh near the international border with Myanmar.
  • It is the fourth largest national park in India.
  • The tiger is one of 96 species of mammals found in Namdapha and others include the endemic red giant flying squirrel, clouded leopard, snow leopard, Malayan sun bear, Asiatic black bear, hoolock gibbon, and capped langur.
  • It is India’s easternmost tiger reserve.
  • It is located between the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai range.
  • It is crossed from east to west by the Noa Dihing River that originates at the Chaukan Pass, located on the Indo-Myanmar border.

Source: The Hindu