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Suchindram Theroor Bird Sanctuary

Suchindram Theroor Bird Sanctuary

Context:

The Suchindram Theroor Bird Sanctuary has come under threat with real estate sharks in the process of converting some wetlands into housing plots.

Suchindram Theroor Bird Sanctuary:

  • It is a protected area comprising the Suchindram Kulam wetlands and the Theroor Kulam wetlands in Tamil Nadu.
  • It is located between Nagercoil and Kanyakumari.
  • Being at the extreme southern tip of India, this area underlies the southernmost continental range of the Central Asian Flyway.
  • It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) of India.
  • In 2015, the southernmost wintering ground of the migratory birds in the country comprising a host of wetlands in Suchindram, Theroor, and Manakudi estuary in Kanyakumari district has been declared as a conservation reserve.

Flora:

  • Suchindram pond has a large variety of aquatic vegetation including water Lilly, lotus, floating hearts, pistia, and other water plants. 

Fauna:

  • Suchindram is noted for the wide variety of migratory waterbirds that winter there, including near-threatened painted stork and spot-billed pelicans, cattle egrets, great cormorants, darters, purple swamphen, and Bronze-winged jacanas. 

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs):

  • IBAs concept is the brainchild of BirldLife International, a global partnership of conservation organization (NGOS) that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
  • Initially, IBAs were identified only for terrestrial and freshwater environments but over the past decade, the IBA has been adapted and applied in the marine realm also.

Features:

  • These are places of international significance for the conservation of birds and another biodiversity.
  • Recognized world-wide as practical tools for conservation.
  • Distinct areas are amenable to practical conservation action.
  • Identified using robust, standardized criteria.
  • Sites that together form part of a wider integrated approach to the conservation and sustainable use of the natural environment.

Criteria:

  • IBA was developed and sites are identified by BirdLife International. Currently, there are over 12,000 IBAs worldwide.
  • To be listed as an IBA, a site must satisfy at least one of the following rating criteria:
    • Globally threatened species
    • Biome-restricted species
    • Restricted-range species
    • Congregations

Source: The Hindu