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Annual Crime in India Report

Annual Crime in India Report

Context:

According to the annual Crime in India 2019 report, a crime against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) saw an increase of over 7% and 26% respectively in the year 2019 compared to 2018.

  • The report is published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

Cases against SCs:

  • A total of 45,935 cases were registered for committing a crime against SCs, showing an increase of 7.3% over 2018 when 42,793 such cases were recorded.
  • At 11,829 cases, Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against SCs in 2019, followed by 6,794 cases in Rajasthan and 6,544 cases in Bihar.

Rape cases:

  • In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to SCs, Rajasthan topped the list with 554 cases, followed by Uttar Pradesh at 537 and Madhya Pradesh at 510 cases.
  • A total of 8,257 cases were registered for committing a crime against STs, an increase of 26.5% over 2018 when 6,528 such cases were registered.
  • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against STs as it recorded 1,922 cases, followed by Rajasthan, which recorded 1,797 cases and Odisha-576 cases.
  • The highest number of incidents of rape of tribal women- 358 was registered in Madhya Pradesh, followed by 180 incidents in Chattisgarh and 114 in Maharashtra.

Cognizable crimes:

  • A total of 51,56,172 cognizable crimes comprising 32,25,701 Indian Penal Code (IPC) ones and 19,30,471 Special and Local Laws (SLL) crimes were registered in 2019. It showed an increase of 1.6% in the registration of cases over 2018 (50,74,635 cases).
  • A total of 4,05,861 cases of crime against women were registered in 2019 compared to 3,78,236 cases in 2018, showing an increase of 7.3%.
  • Cybercrimes increased by 63.5% in 2019. A total of 44,546 cases were registered under cybercrimes, compared to 27,248 cases in 2018. In 2019, 60.4% of cybercrime cases registered were for the motive of fraud (26,891 out of 44,546 cases), followed by sexual exploitation, with 5.1% (2,266 cases), and causing disrepute with 4.2% (1,874 cases).

CHRI statement:

  • The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI), a police reform advocacy group, highlights a few cases that were being registered for specific discriminatory action against SCs and STs.
  • Crimes against SCs and STs include the following categories- atrocities committed by non-SC/ST members under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act), 1989 (hereafter POA Act), the Indian Penal Code, and the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955.

National Crime Record Bureau:

  • NCRB was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • It was set up on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
  • Objective: To function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • NCRB publishes the Crime in India report.
  • Headquarter: New Delhi.

Source: The Hindu