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The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

Context:

Recently, the Union Minister of Rural Development provided information in Rajya Sabha on the implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY):

  • It was launched in 2000.
  • Objective: To provide rural connectivity, by way of a single all-weather road.
  • Eligibility: Unconnected habitations of designated population size (500+ in plain areas and 250+ in the North-Eastern States, Himalayan States, Deserts, and Tribal Areas as per 2001 census) in the core network for uplifting the socio-economic condition of the rural population.
  • No physical targets in terms of Kilometers or financial targets or allocations were fixed for states. 
  • As a measure of special dispensation, the Union Government bears 90% of the project cost in respect of projects sanctioned under the scheme in North-Eastern and the Himalayan States, whereas for other states the Union Government bears 60% of the cost.

PMGSY-II:

  • It was launched in 2013 for the up-gradation of 50,000 Kms of the existing rural road network to improve its overall efficiency.
  • While the ongoing PMGSY - I continued, under PMGSY phase II, the roads already built for village connectivity was to be upgraded to enhance rural infrastructure.
  • The cost was shared between the center and the states/UTs.

PMGSY-III:

  • It was launched in 2019 for consolidation of 1,25,000 Km Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations, inter-alia, to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools, and Hospitals.
    • GrAMs are retail agricultural markets in close proximity to the farm gate, that promote and service a more efficient transaction of the farmers’ produce.
  • For every two versions of PMGSY, state-wise physical targets have been allocated and requisite central share of funds are provided to states based on the value of projects sanctioned to states to construct the allocated length.

Source: PIB