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Global Initiative to Reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef Program

Global Initiative to Reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef Program

Context:

The Environment Ministerial Meeting (EMM) of the G20 countries took place under the Presidency of Saudi Arabia. G20 EMM, 2019 saw an agreement on adopting a new implementation framework for actions to tackle the issue of marine plastic waste on a global scale.

  • Global initiatives to reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef Programme under the G20 has been also launched.

India’s Commitment:

  • India intends to take measures to enhance coral reef conservation under the National Coastal Mission Programme.
  • India is committed to working with G20 nations for a better world and is taking adequate action to meet the Paris Agreement and its climate commitments.
  • The proposed mission under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) will address the impact of climate change on coastal and marine ecosystems.
  • India has also put efforts towards achieving land degradation neutrality and towards the attainment of global goals of climate change mitigation and adaptation.
  • It was emphasised that equity, common but differentiated responsibilities, finance and technology partnerships are the key pillars to tackle the problem of climate change.

Global Coral Reef Research and Development Accelerator Platform:

  • Objective: To create a global research and development programme to advance research, innovation and capacity building in all facets of coral reef conservation, restoration and adaptation.
  • It will strengthen ongoing efforts and commitments made to enhance coral reefs conservation and stop their further degradation.
  • It limits global average temperature and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase, in line with the Paris Agreement, provides the only chance for the survival of coral reefs globally.

G20:

  • It is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union (EU).
  • It has also representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
  • Members: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK, the USA, and the EU.
  • Headquarters: It does not have any permanent secretariat or management and administrative structure.

Paris Agreement:

  • It was adopted by 195 parties at the UN climate conference "COP 21" held in Paris in 2015.
  • Objective: To prevent an increase in global average temperature and keep it well below 2 degrees Celsius.
  • It emphasised that global GHG emissions must fall 45% by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050 to avoid the worst impacts of climate change.
  • 19 members of the G20, except the USA which has pulled out of it, have given the commitment to the full implementation of the deal.

Source: PIB