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The Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework

The Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework


The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched the Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework (CSCAF) 2.0, along with the ‘Streets for People Challenge’ under the Smart Cities Mission.

  • Objective: To provide a clear roadmap for cities towards combating Climate Change while planning and implementing their actions, including investments.

The need for the Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework:

  • In the last decade, an increasing frequency of cyclones, floods, heatwaves, water scarcity, and drought-like conditions have had adverse impacts on many cities.
  • Such extreme events and risks cause loss of life as well as impact economic growth.
  • In this context, the CSCAF initiative intends to inculcate a climate-sensitive approach to urban planning and development in India.


  • This assessment framework was developed after a review of existing frameworks and assessment approaches adopted throughout the world followed by a series of extensive consultative processes with more than 26 organizations.
  • Implementation: The Climate Centre for Cities under the National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) is supporting MoHUA in the implementation of CSCAF.
  • The framework has 28 indicators across five categories namely:
    • Energy and Green Buildings,
    • Urban Planning, Green Cover & Biodiversity,
    • Mobility and Air Quality,
    • Water Management and
    • Waste Management.
  • Currently, cities face many challenges in providing safe, affordable, and equitable modes of transport that enable social distancing.
  • Limited public transport options, narrow, crowded sidewalks particularly in the market places and deterioration of mental health, are key issues that must be addressed on priority. The pedestrianization of streets for walking and creating public spaces is a crucial step towards mitigating these issues.
  • Cities around the world, such as Bogota, Berlin, and Milan have responded by transforming streets for walking and cycling, to ensure safe mobility during COVID-19.

The Streets for People Challenge:

  • Objective: To inspire cities to create walking-friendly and vibrant streets through quick, innovative, and low-cost measures.


  • All cities participating in the challenge shall be encouraged to use the ‘test-learn-scale’ approach to initiate both, flagship and neighborhood walking interventions.
  • It is the response to the need for making cities more walkable and pedestrian-friendly.
  • The Challenge builds on the advisory issued by MoHUA for the holistic planning for pedestrian-friendly market spaces.
  • It will support cities to develop a unified vision of streets for people in consultation with stakeholders and citizens.
  • Adopting a participatory approach, cities will be guided to launch their own design competitions to gather innovative ideas from professionals for quick, innovative, and low-cost tactical solutions.

Source: PIB