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Daily Category  (International Relations)

Sudan Peace Deal

CONTEXT:

  • South Sudan's President has dissolved parliament to pave the way for the appointment of lawmakers from formerly warring parties in the country.

  • The move was in line with a peace deal signed to end a civil war that began in 2013.

Sudan - Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Peace Deal

  • The president dissolved parliament and the new body will be formed in "a matter of time, not too long.

  • Peace Deal: According to the deal that ended the civil war, parliament must be expanded from 400 members to 550.

  • It must include members from all parties to the peace accord.

  • South Sudan: It won independence from Sudan in 2011 after decades of civil war.

  • Violence erupted in late 2013 after President, from the Dinka ethnic group, sacked vice president Riek Machar, a Nuer.

  • The two men have signed many deals to end a war estimated to have killed more than 400,000 people.

  • They repeatedly pushed back deadlines to form a government of national unity, but in 2020 finally did so.

  • Despite the peace deal, violence is still raging in parts of the country, according to United Nations reports.

Sudan:

  • Sudan is a country in Northeast Africa.

  • Bordering Country: It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

  • Sudan has a population of 44.91 million people as of 2021 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa's third-largest country by area and also the third-largest by area in the Arab league.

  • It was also the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab league by area before the secession of South Sudan in 2011, since which both titles have been held by Algeria.

SOURCE: The Hindu

India-EU Meeting in EU Plus 27 format

CONTEXT:

  • At the invitation of the President of the European Council Mr. Charles Michel, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi participated in the India-EU Leaders’ Meeting today.