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Daily Category  (Central schemes)

Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index

Context:

The Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has released the Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) Index.

  • Anemia is a key health concern for young girls and boys across the country. But by providing Blue, Iron Folic Acid (IFA) tablets once a week and deworming tablets every six months it can be reduced

Anemia in India:

  • 58% of children 6-56 months are anemic. 
  • 54% of Adolescent girls 15-19 years are anemic.
  • 29% of Adolescent boys 15-19 years are anemic.
  • 53% of women of reproductive age are anemic.
  • 50% of pregnant women are anemic.
  • 58% of lactating women are anemic.

Key findings:

  • Haryana was ranked at the top slot with an AMB Index of 46.7 among the 29 states.
  • Haryana is one of 11 states in the country that have achieved National Health Policy targets well before 2020.
  • The institutional deliveries have increased to 93.7 % and it was possible due to 24-hours delivery facilities in the state.

Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB):

  • It is an initiative of UNICEF and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It has been launched to reduce the prevalence of anemia all over the country.
  • Anemia is caused due to iron deficiency which impacts the capacity of an individual’s blood cells to carry oxygen.
  • The scheme aims at providing bi-weekly iron Folic acid supplementation to the children under age five through Asha workers.
  • It also provided biannual deworming for adolescents and children.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF):

  • It is a United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children worldwide.
  • It is among the most widespread and recognizable social welfare organizations in the world.
  • It relies mainly on contributions from governments and private donors.
  • It works in the area of:
    • Immunizations and disease prevention
    • Administering treatment for children and mothers with HIV
    • Enhancing childhood and maternal nutrition
    • Improving sanitation
    • Promoting education
    • Providing emergency relief in response to disasters
  • Headquarter: New York.

Source: All India Radio

Mobile Application for Geotagging of the Components of Projects

Context:

The Union Minister of State for Jal Shakti has launched a Mobile application for Geotagging of the components of projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana- Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme(PMKSY-AIBP).

Details:

  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti with the help of Bhaskaracharya National Institute of Space Applications & Geo-informatics (BISAG-N) has developed and launched the mobile application.
    • BISAG-N is an autonomous scientific society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
    • It comes under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  • The Mobile Application can be used by monitoring team/ project authorities to capture the image of the project component along with other details such as location, type of canal/ structure, completion status, etc.
  • The programme will be supervised and monitored by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister with Union Ministers from concerned Ministries.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY):

  • PMKSY is a centrally sponsored scheme launched in 2015.
  • It has the vision of assured irrigation access i.e. “Har Khet Ko Pani” and improving on-farm water use efficiency i.e. “More Crop Per Drop” in a focused manner with an “Integrated Value Chain” approach.
  • It has been conceived by amalgamating ongoing schemes viz:
    • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR),
    • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of the Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and
    • On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).

Objectives:

  • To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level;
  • To expand the cultivable area under assured irrigation;
  • To improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water;
  • To enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop);
  • To enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal wastewater for peri-urban agriculture; and
  • To attract greater private investment in the precision irrigation system.

Source: PIB

Global Tuberculosis Report

Context:

According to the Global Tuberculosis Report 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with impacts on care-seeking behavior, threatens to reverse the recent progress in reducing the global burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease.

Tuberculosis:

  • It is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that mainly affect the lungs.
  • It spread from person to person when people with TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.
  • Tuberculosis is treated with a standard 6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs that are provided with information, supervision, and support to the patient by a health worker or trained volunteer.

Key foundings:

  • The evidence from several high TB burden countries of large reductions in the monthly number of people with TB being detected and officially reported in 2020 is available.
  • India accounts for 26% of TB cases in the world and the TB notifications during the period January-June 2020 in India fell by 25% compared to the same period in 2019.
  • The TB notifications in India in February 2020 increased compared with January but then reduced sharply in April to reach less than 40% of the January figure before increasing to reach about 75% of the January figure in the month of June.
  • The dip in TB notifications has not been very sharp in India and the recovery after the dip has been more in India than Indonesia, the Philippines, and South Africa.
  • In India, notifications of people newly diagnosed with TB increased by 74% from 1.2 million to 2.2 million between 2013 and 2019.
  • In the case of India, there is a gap in the number of people newly diagnosed and reported due to a combination of underreporting of people diagnosed with TB and under-diagnosis.

Global Tuberculosis Report:

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a global TB report every year since 1997.
  • The purpose of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the status of the TB epidemic.
  • The report is based primarily on data gathered by the World Health Organization (WHO) in annual rounds of data collection.

Govt initiatives:

  • The Nikshay Ecosystem: It is the National TB information system which is a one-stop solution to manage information of patients and monitor program activity and performance throughout the country.
  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY): It aimed at providing financial support to TB patients for their nutrition.
  • The Saksham Project: It is a project of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) that has been providing psycho-social counseling to DR-TB patients.

Source: The Hindu

Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna

Context:

Union Ministery for Health and Family Welfare has launched the second phase of “Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna” for the underprivileged Thalassemic patients.

  • Objective: To provide a one-time cure opportunity for Haemoglobinopathies like Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell Disease for patients who have a matched family donor.
  • Eligibility: Only those patients are eligible whose monthly family income is below Rs 20,000.
  • The scheme has been extended to cover Aplastic Anaemia patients (lack of blood cell production in the body).

Hematopoietic Stem Cell:

  • It is an immature cell that can develop into all types of blood cells, including white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Hematopoietic stem cells are found in the peripheral blood and the bone marrow. 
  • The outcome of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for thalassemia major depends on several factors other than the type of donor.
  • It was first explored in humans in the 1950s and was based on observational studies in mice models.

The Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) program:

  • It mainly refers to the transplantation of stem cells from various sources (bone marrow, growth factor-stimulated peripheral blood, and umbilical cord blood) for the treatment of various diseases like autoimmune, and genetic diseases.
  • The program was launched in 2017 and is funded by Coal India Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
  • The program will be extended for the next two years from 2020.

Thalassemia: